dadra and nagar haveli

Dadra & Nagar Haveli


Dadra & Nagar Haveli is a Unioun Territory in Western Region of India.

♦It consist of two separate geographical entities i.e. Nagar Haveli and the smaller enclave of Dadra.

♦The Capital city of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is Silvassa.

♦Dadra & Nagar Haveli comprises of Dense forests, magnificent mountain ranges, serene valleys, stunning ranges of flora and fauna, breathtaking rivers.

♦The Official Languages of Dadra & Nagar Haveli are Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi.


Vanganga lake garden is a heaven for nature lovers. The huge lake in the garden has an island at the center, which stands connected to the garden by a bridge reflecting the influence of Japanese architecture.


Dudhni Lake is a vast expanse of water surrounded by small hills.  It is Famously referred to as the ‘Kashmir of the West’, the lake is formed by the waters of Madhuban reservoir. he isolated Dudhni, which is home to the lake, calms your senses. Trekking through the dense forests and camping on the river side would be a memorable adventure.


Hirwa Van Garden is a superb specimen of architecture.

Mesmerizing waterfalls, beautiful cascades, small springs, stone walls, arches, lush greenery, colorful flowers, crisscross walkways, in fact, everything about Hirwa Van Garden is amazing. There is a separate play section for children and the play equipments available here keep the children amused when you are lost in tranquility.


Kauncha is the perfect destination for nature lovers. Dense forests, spectacular mountain ranges and scenic valleys of Kauncha enchant you while the tribal life make you envy them for the simple and contended life they lead amidst the richness of nature.

This Union Territory of the country of India was initially ruled by the small tribal community called Kolis. The major tribes include Kokana, Varlies, Koli, Dhodia, Kathodi, Naika and Dublas.

The tribals have their distinct culture and sets of rituals that vary from community to community. Some of the famous vibrant festivals of these tribes, which even indicate season change, are:

  • Akha Tij: This is a small festival of the women community of the Kokhna tribe.
  • Barash: The tribes of Kokna and Varli celebrate this festival of Barash during Diwali. They celebrate this as a festival similar to Diwali.
  • Raksha Bandhan and Divaso: With a belief that Goddess Kali’s good spirit is invoked in the villages during crop harvesting, this is a popular festival of the Dhodias.

The folk dances are characteristic features of every tribal life and the tribes in the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are not different from the rest. Their festivals are very colorful and a large part of the festivities comprise of their very own folk dances. In every occasion like Marriage, childbirth, religious festival or harvest, the rural people perform their folk dances.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli is also rich with wonderful art and handicraft tradition. The Dadra and Nagar Haveli Crafts are exemplary with their different types and genres. The artisans of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are famous for their wonderful weaving and carving works.

The most popular forms of crafts in Dadra and Nagar Haveli are:

  • Leather crafts
  • Mat weaving
  • Basketry

Some of the major Fairs & Festivals of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are:

  • Akhatrij
  • Divasol
  • Nariyal Poornima
  • Tarpa Festival & Craft Mela
  • Monsoon Magic Festival
  • Children’s Film Festival
  • The food in Dadra and Nagar Haveli is very strongly influenced by neighbouring state Gujarat.

    pulses and vegetables like wild mushrooms and bamboo shoots, the local tribal cuisine of this region is sure to pamper your taste buds. Served mainly with rotis prepared from the flour of jowar, raagi or rice, these savory vegetarian treats are a must-try on your visit to Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

    Lentils, kadhi and sweet dal are other specialties of tribal cuisine. They are served with a side of sweet pickle or green chutney made from the leaves of raw mangoes, Ajoola leaves, Karanda berries and other aromatic herbs.

    Apart from delicious vegetarian fare, the region is also popular for its non-vegetarian dishes, especially the seafood preparations.



Apart from Scenic and natural beauty, the climate of Dadra & Nagar Haveli is magnificent. From beautiful mountain ranges to dazzling flora and fauna, makes it a worth visit place.

















♦Chhattisgarh is the Central State in India.

♦ It is the 10th Largest state in India.

♦ Chhattisgarh is the 17th most populated state in the country.

♦ Chhattisgarh was formed on 1st November 2000 by partitioning 16 Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh.

♦Chhattisgarh is a rich source of Electricity and Steel for country.

♦The Capital of Chhattisgarh is New Raipur.

♦The official Language of Chhattisgarh is Hindi.


Chitrakote waterfall is a natural waterfall which is famously known as Niagra Falls. The shape of the waterfalls resembles horseshoe. The forest area around the waterfalls offers spectacular views. It is the Widest fall in India.


Kawardha Palace was built in 1930’s. The Palace of Kawardha is said to have been designed and built under Maharaja Dharamraj Singh between the period 1936 and 1939. It now forms one of the prime Tourist Attractions in Kawardha.


Kailash and Kotumsar Caves are located near Tiratgarh Waterfalls. It is ranked second in the list of longest natural caves all over the world, Kutumsar Caves are not accessible beyond a certain limit. The restriction of movement is owing to non-availability of oxygen inside the two-kilometer deep caves. The important feature of the cave is the musical sounds created on striking of hand in the hollow walls.


The name Maitri Bagh means Garden of Friendship. This is a result of cooperation between Indian and Russian governments. Maitri Bagh was established by Bhilai Steel Plant. The zoo cum park offers various attractions and it is one of the famous picnic spots in the state. There are beautiful lakes and gardens and the musical fountains in the garden is a feast to eyes. It is the biggest zoo in Chhattisgarh.


Kanker Palace was earlier known as Radhanivas Bagicha. The residence of the British Agent during the Raj, it is now lived in by the Royal family.  With its Colonial style architecture, the Palace is stately, elegant, and has an old world charm and ambience.


Gadiya Mountain served as capital to King Dharma Dev of Kandra dynasty after his victory here. The cave found here was the hideout for the royal family during war. The southern part of the great mountain houses another cave, which is known as Jogi Gufa. This cave was used by sages to meditate. The water tank here is famous as it is said that it never dries.


Rajpuri Waterfall is located near Bagicha, which is 90km from the headquarters. The natural beauty of the place attracts tourists from all around. The entire place is enchanting with tribal villages around it. The ancient touch associated with the rocks in the area and the rich natural beauty makes this place one among the important tourist destinations.


Constructed somewhere between the 7th and 11th centuries, the temple is called the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh. Located amidst the picturesque setting of Maikal mountains, Bhoramdeo Temple offers spectacular views.  It is considered as the most beautifully decorated temple. It has religious sculptures as well as erotic sculptures.

Chhattisgarh is well known for its rich cultural heritage that reflects various aspects of this beautiful state. Cultural life of Chhattisgarh comprises varied forms of traditional art and crafts, tribal dances, folk songs, regional festivals and fairs and amusing cultural fests. Mainly, Chhattisgarh is occupied by tribal people who have preserved their rich tribal culture modestly and religiously.

It can be visibly observed in their food habits, festivals and fairs, costumes, ornaments, folk dance and music as well. Chhattisgarh also hosts various cultural fests like Chakradhar Samaroh, Sirpur National Dance and Music Festival and Bastar Lokotsav etc. that showcase vibrant cultural life of the state.

Chhattisgarh is much popular for its exclusive traditional art and crafts that make it an amazing place to find out unique artistic handicrafts and decorative items. Handicrafts of Chhattisgarh are fine example of artistic perfection of the local artisans and brilliant use of the natural resources in making of the beautiful home decor items.

Famous Food of Chattisgarh

♦ Muthia

♦ Aamat

♦ Chila

♦ Bhajia

♦ Sabudana ki Kichdi

♦ Bara

♦ Faraa

♦ Tilgur


The state of Chhattisgarh is rich in natural beauty and attractions like mountains, forest, rivers, wildlife, waterfalls etc. All these make it a perfect destination for beauty lovers.


  • Amargufa
  • Basnajhar
  • Bhanwarkhol
  • Botalda
  • Chhapamada
  • Gatadih
  • Gotitola
  • Ongna
  • Potia
  • Ramgarh
  • Singhanpur
  • Sirolidongri
  • Udkunda
  • Kabra Pahar
  • Kanhagaon
  • Karmagarh
  • Khairpur
  • Kherkheda
  • Kulgaon
  • Murelgarh













  • Raipur
  • Bilaspur
  • Dhamtari
  • Koriya
  • Raigarh
  • Durg
  • Kanker
  • Bastar






Bihar is a state in the Eastern part of India.

♦Bihar is the 13th-largest state of India.

♦Bihar is the third-largest state of India by population.

♦ The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east.

♦The capital of Bihar is Patna.

♦The Official Languages of Bihar are Hindi, Urdu.

    1. GAYA

    Gaya derives its name from the mythological demon Gayasur (which literally means Gaya the demon). According to Vayu Purana, Gaya was the name of a demon (Asura) whose body was pious after he performed rigid penance and secured blessings from Vishnu. It was said that the body of Gayasura was transformed into the series of rocky hills that make up the landscape of Gaya.

    Gaya is one of the major tourist attractions of Bihar. Gaya is the 2nd largest city of Bihar. Situated on the banks of the Phalgu River (or Niranjana, as mentioned in Ramayana), it is a place sanctified by the Jain, Hindu, Islam and Buddhist religions. It is surrounded by small rocky hills (Mangla-GauriShringa-SthanRam-Shila and Brahmayoni) by three sides and the river flowing on the fourth (eastern) side. The city has a mix of natural surroundings, age old buildings, green areas and narrow by lanes.

    Major tourist’s attractions


    Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous as it is the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment under what became known as the Bodhi Tree.

    For Buddhists, Bodh Gaya is the most important of the main four pilgrimage sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar, Lumbini, and Sarnath. In 2002, Mahabodhi Temple, located in Bodh Gaya, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    Mangla Gauri Temple

    The Mangla Gauri temple in Gaya has been mentioned in Padma Purana, Vayu Purana and Agni Purana and in other scriptures and tantric works. This temple is among the eighteen maha shaktipeeth. The present temple dates back to 15th century. The shrine is dedicated to Shakti or the mother Goddess in the predominantly Vaishnavite pilgrimage center of Gaya. Mangalagauri is worshiped as the Goddess of benevolence. This temple constitutes an Upa-Shakti Pitha — where it is believed that a part of the body of Shakti fell according to mythology. Here Shakti is worshiped in the form of a breast, a symbol of nourishment. It is believed that whoever comes to maa durga with his wishes and prayers, returns successfully with all of prayers and wishes come true.


    The Bodhi Tree (also known as Bo and “peepal tree”  was a large and very old sacred fig tree (Ficus religiosa) located in Bodh Gaya, under which Siddhartha Gautama, the spiritual teacher later became known as the Buddha, is said to have attained enlightenment (Bodhi). In religious iconography, the Bodhi Tree is recognizable by its heart-shaped leaves, which are usually prominently displayed.

    The term “Bodhi Tree” is also widely applied to currently existing trees, particularly the Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) growing at the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, which is often cited as a direct descendant from the original specimen planted in 288 BC. This tree is a frequent destination for pilgrims, being the most important of the four main Buddhist pilgrimage sites. Other holy Bodhi trees which have a great significance in the history of Buddhism are the Anandabodhi tree in Sravasti and the Bodhi tree in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Both are believed to have been propagated from the original Bodhi tree.


    The Mahabodhi Vihar (Literally: “Great Awakening Temple”), a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.  Bodh Gaya (located in Gaya district) is located about 96 km (60 mi) from Patna. Images of the site include Avalokiteśvara (Padmapani, Khasarpana), Vajrapani, Tara, Marichi, Yamantaka, Jambhala and Vajravārāhī. Images of Vishnu, Shiva, Surya and other Vedic deities are also associated with the site.

    The site contains a descendant of the Bodhi Tree under which Buddha gained enlightenment.


    Dungeshwari Cave Temples are the ancient caves, located 12 km northeast of Bodhgaya. These are caves Lord Buddha underwent years of self-mortification before descending to Bodhgaya. Three main caves contain several shrines for Buddhists and one for Hindus. Dungeshwari cave temples are also popular as Sujata Sthan to local people. An interesting story is being famous on this temples. It is believed that when Buddha was doing his self-mortification, he became frail, feeble and starved. When he rested under a Banayan tree, a doomed village women named Sujata offered him food. Buddha accepted her offerings and consumed the food, his explicit approval presented him with a divine truth that neither extreme self-indulgence nor self-abasement is the right way to attain enlightenment. Buddha attained the knowledge that folow the middle path was require to attain the supreme nirvana. Sujata Sthan or Dungeshwari Temple stands as a symbol commemorating this event.


    The museum was established in the year 1956. The museum consists of two galleries and an open courtyard as well as two verandahs displaying the antiquities. The museum exhibits bronze and stone sculptures of Buddhist and Brahmanical faith of pala period, scenes related to Buddhist pantheon, Surya, Zodiac signs on railings of Sunga age, etc.

    2.  NALANDA

    Nalanda was an acclaimed Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery in the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India. The site is located about 95 kilometres (59 mi) southeast of Patna near the town of Bihar Sharif, and was a centre of learning from the seventh century BCE to c. 1200 CE. It is a UNESCO World Heritage SiteAccording to Xuansang and Yijing Nalanda was built in honor of the Lotus Sutra – and various Lotus Sutra symbolism can be found in the Nalanda Museum.

    Top Tourists Attractions:

    • Nalanda Archaeological Museum

    The museum established in 1917 houses the antiquities mainly those excavated from Nalanda, the earliest university cum monastery complex and from Rajgir.

    Out of 13463 antiquities, 349 are on display in the four galleries of the museum. The antiquities from Nalanda are datable from 5th to 12th century AD but some of those from Rajgir are a little earlier in date. The sculptures kept in this museum are made of stone, bronzes, stucco and terracotta but majority of those have been carved on Basalt stone. Most of the images belong to Buddhist faith but those belonging to Jaina or Hindu religion are also quite good in number.

    • Silao

    Silao is a city and a notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is known for the excellent Khaja made by its Halwais. It is also the headquarters of a Block, a small administrative unit, by the same name.

    • Surajpur Baragaon

    Baragaon is a village in Nalanda District of Bihar state. It is famous for its unique Chhath Puja celebrations. There is a big pond in the village where Chhath Puja has been performed by the native and nearby villagers and from all over the state, mainly from North Bihar. There is a big ancient temple of God Surya (Sun temple). People pray god Surya mainly at the time of Chhath Puja. Chhath Puja celebrated twice in the year in the months of Chaitya (March–April) and Kartik (October–November). After the completion of the great Chhatha Puja people distributed prasad of Chhatha Puja among people who accompanies the Puja. Special pujas to God Surya has been performed by the people of villages every Sunday.

    The significance of the place is also because this is the place where most of the prominent religions of India is represented, whether it is Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, or Muslim all have got representation at this place. The Kundalpur is termed as the birthplace of Lord Mahavira by the Great Learned Saints of Jainism of Digambar Sect. It has also got the special temple for Swetamber Sect of Jainism. For the Buddhist, Bargaon has got the special position as all around its place there are several Buddhist sites important for its religious value. As mentioned above, the Sun Temple has got much value for Hindues, as its importance is also mentioned in Puranas.

    • Rajgir Dance Festival ( in October)

    Also called the Rajgir Mahotsav, Rajgir Dance festival is a celebration of classical dance and music that takes every year with great enthusiasm at Rajgir in the state of Bihar. Rajgir, once the capital of the Magadhan Empire plays host to this amazing event in the last week of October (generally from October 24th to 26th) for three days. The event is organized by the Department of Tourism, Bihar for the promotion of the rich cultural classical and folk dances of India. Popular celebrities and dance lovers from all around the country visit this event.

    Formerly known as Rajgriha, Rajgir was the capital of the Magadhan Empire in the ancient times. Surrounded by 7 hills, the place has a great charm and a calm atmosphere. Known for its religious importance, Rajgir bustles with tourist and visitor activity every year in the October, for the colorful Rajgir Dance Festival, dedicated to dance and music. It is a presentation of striking musical instruments, ballet, songs, folk dances, opera, classical dances and much more that are performed by maestros.

    3. MUNGER

    Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division. It is the fifth largest city of Bihar and second largest city in Eastern Bihar.

    Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges. It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.

    • Sri Krishna Vatika

    Named after the Proud Son of Munger and the First Chief Minister of the Bihar state Dr. Sri Krishna Sinha, Srikrishna Batika, is a very beautiful enclosed garden just opposite to Kashtaharni Ghat. To have the pleasure of both a green place and the holy river Ganga this is one of the Must Visiting place for the peoples coming to Munger.

    Sri Krishna Vatika is also one of the most interesting as well as adventurous venue available in Munger as it has two “Surangs” (tunnels). Some efforts in the past had been made to pass through the tunnels also known as- Mir Kasim’s Surang but these have only proved to be life taking. There are some tombs of Gul and Bahar, wards of Mir Kasim Ali.

    It is said that Princess Gul and Prince Bahar used to hide under the tunnels by the riverside in order to weak vengeance upon the British officers. They used to clothe themselves with tiger skins during the nights. Once Bahar, on his rounded in a dark might was caught sight of by a British officer who instantaneously shot the Prince dead. The truth was reveled next morning and the Prince was said to have been buried by the darga of Pir Shah-Nafah-Gul. The Prince was found dead in a man’s attire by the side of her brother’s tomb, where she was also buried. The officer, responsible for Bahar’s and incidentally Gul’s death ordered for a daily salute of guns in the evening to mourn the loss of these children.

    • Chandika Astahan

    Chandika Sthan is a Hindu temple situated in Munger, in the Indian state of Bihar. It is one of the fifty one Shakti Peethas, places of worship consecrated to the goddess Shakti. On the Northeast corner of Munger, Chandika Sthan is just two kilometers away from the Munger town. Being a Siddhi-Peetha, Chandika Sthan is considered to be one of the most sacred and sanctified temples, as important as the Kamakshya temple near Guwahati.

    • Sita Kund

    Sita-Kund is a Hindu pilgrimage site in Sitamarhi, in the Indian state of Bihar, which has an adjacent ancient Hindu temple. It is situated 5 km west of Sitamarhi town and a popular visitor’s attraction.

    Punaura Dham is about 5 km west of Sitamarhi. Saint Pundrik’s Ashram was situated here. Sita-Kund place also claims the honour of being the birthplace of Hindu Goddess, Sita.

    4.  VAISHALI

    Vaishali district is a district in Bihar, India. It is named after the ancient city of Vaishali of Mithila, which is mentioned in the Mahabharata as well as in Buddhism and Jainism. It is a part of Tirhut division.

    Vaishali derives its name from King Vishal. Even before the advent of Buddhism and Jainism, Vaishali was the capital of the vibrant Licchavi Republic, a sovereign state since before the birth of Mahavira (c. 599 BC), which suggests that it was perhaps the first republic in the world, similar to those later found in ancient Greece. In that period, Vaishali was an ancient metropolis and the capital city of the republic of the Vaishali state, which covered most of the Himalayan Gangetic region of present-day Bihar. Very little is known about the early history of Vaishali. The Vishnu Purana records 34 monarchs of Vaishali, the first being Nabhaga, who is believed to have abdicated his throne over a matter of human rights and believed to have declared: “I am now a free tiller of the soil, king over my acre.” The last among the 34 was Sumati, who is considered a contemporary of Dasharatha, father of the Hindu god, Rama.

    • Kutagarasala Vihara

    Kutagarasala Vihara is the monastery where Buddha most frequently stayed while visiting Vaishali. It is located 3 kilometres from the relic Stupa, and on its ground can be found the Ananda Stupa, with an Asokan pillar in very good condition (perhaps the only complete Asokan pillar left standing), and an ancient pond.

    • World Peace Pagoda

    World Peace Pagoda at Vaishali, the symbol of world peace, was constructed by Japanese Buddhists. The famous Fujii Guruji who dedicated his life for world peace wished for world peace pagodas world over, and the peace pagoda at Vaishali was his last wish. Guruji knew the historical importance of Vaishali and for that reason he wanted a Peace Pagoda here.

    Vaishali World Peace Pagoda enshrines the holy relics of Lord Buddha on the base and on the top of the construction. The top portion of the stupa houses Lord Buddha’s statues; these statues are made of glass and fiber and have been polished by gold.

    • Bawan Pokhar Temple

    Housing some of the beautiful images of Hindu gods and goddesses situated on Bawan Pokhar’s northern end, Bawan Pokhar temple is a piece of ancient art work built during the rule of Pal dynasty.

    An old temple built in the Pala period stands on the northern bank of Bawan Pokhar and enshrines beautiful images of several Hindu gods

    • Kundalpur

    Kundalpur is a town located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, 35 km from the city of Damoh. It is a historical pilgrimage site for Jains in India.

    Kundalpur has a large image of Rishabhanatha (also known as Bade Baba). The image is in sitting (Padmasana) posture and is 15 feet in height. This is also the place of salvation of Antim Kevali Shridhar Kevali.

    • Raja Vishal ka Garh

    There is a huge mound, to the north of Vaishali. It is 6ft x 10 ft high. There are tower remains at the corners and is surrounded by a moat. The ramparts are 15 ft high. This mound is called Raja Vishal Ka Garh. The huge platform has a circumference of one km and walls that are 2metres high with 43m wide moat, which is said to have been the parliament of King Vishal. Here more than 7000 could stand at the same time. The Coronation Tank

    • Choumukhi Mahadeva

    Chaumukhi Mahadev, or Chaturmukhi Mahadev, is a historic Hindu temple located approximately 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of Vaishali Gadh, Bihar, India. The Temple has Shivling with four god faces, Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh and Surya. While the construction time is unknown, it is believed to have been built during the fifth century.

    5.  PATNA

    Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. Patna is the second-largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. It had an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna also serves as the seat of Patna High Court.

    One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Patliputra was home to many astrologists and scholars including Aryabhata, Panini, Vātsyāyana, Chanakya and Kālidāsa. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000. Patna served as the seat of power, political and cultural centre of Indian subcontinent during the Maurya and Gupta empires. With the fall of Gupta Empire, Patna lost its glory. It was revived again in the 17th century by the British as a centre of international trade. Following the partition of Bengal presidency in 1912, Patna became the capital of Bihar and Orissa province.

    • Kumhrar

    Kumhrar or Kumrahar is the name of an area of Patna, where remains of the ancient city of Pataliputra were excavated. It is located 5 km east of Patna Railway Station.

    Archaeological remains of the Mauryan period (322–185 BCE) have been discovered here, this include the ruins of a hypostyle 80-pillared hall. The excavation finding here dates back to 600 BCE, and marks the ancient capital of Ajatshatru, Chandragupta and Ashoka, and collectively the relics range from four continuous periods from 600 BCE to 600 CE.

    • Didarganj Yakshi

    The Didarganj Yakshi (or Didarganj Chauri Bearer) is one of the finest examples of Mauryan art. Alternatively, it is also dated to the 2nd century CE, based on the analysis of shape and ornamentation.

    The sculpture is currently located in the Patna Museum in Bihar, India. It is 64″ tall, carved out of a single piece of stone. This life-size standing image is tall, well-proportioned, free-standing sculpture is made of sandstone with well polished surface. The chauri is held in the right hand whereas the left hand is broken. The lower garment create a somewhat transparent effect. The Didarganj Yakshi is estimated to date from ca. 3rd century BCE to the 2nd century CE. It was excavated on the banks of the Ganges River, at the hamlet of Didarganj Kadam Basual, in October 191

    • Gurdwara Pahila Bara

    Gurdwara Pahila Bara, commonly known as Gurdwara Ghai Ghat, is dedicated to Guru Nanak Dev, who during his visit into Patna stayed here. This was Bhagat Jaitamal’s house. Jaitamal was a pious man, confectioner by trade, who became the Guru’s follower and later converted his house into a dharmsala. Bhagat Jaitamal’s house was sanctified first by Guru Nanak in 1509 AD. and later by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family in 1666 AD.

    It is a historical Sikh shrine situated at Ghaighat Mohalla in patna. It is about 4 kilometers from Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib. Gurdwara Pahila Bara is oldest Gurdwara is this region. A new building comprising a spacious square hall with the sanctum in the middle was constructed during the 1980

    • Padri Ki Haveli

    Padri-Ki-Haveli (“Mansion of Padre”), also known as St Mary’s Church, it is the oldest church in Bihar. When Roman Catholics arrived in Bihar, they built a small church in 1713 at a place now known as Padri-ki-Haveli.

    The current church was re-designed by a Venetian architect Tirreto in 1772. He came from Kolkata to design this church. The foundation stone of this huge church has a dimension of 70 feet in length, 40 feet wide and 50 feet in height.

    Nawab Mir Qasim destroyed this church because of the quarrel with the British traders on 25 June 1763. Ancient records were destroyed and burnt consequently. Later, in 1857 during the Great Indian Rebellion again this church suffered with many damages.

    • Golghar

    The Golghar or Gol Ghar, (“Round house”) is a large granary located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna, capital of Bihar state, India.

    According to a contemporary inscription at its base, the Golghar was intended to be just the first of a series of these huge grain stores. In the end, however, no others were ever built. The granary was “part of a general plan … for the perpetual prevention of famine in these provinces” ordered in 1784 by Warren Hastings, the then Governor-General of India.

    The beehive-shaped structure was designed by Captain John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers, part of the East India Company’s Bengal Army. Construction was completed on 20 July 1786.

    • Patna Museum

    Patna Museum is the state museum of the Indian state of Bihar. It was started on 3 April 1917 during the British Raj to house the historical artefacts found in the vicinity of Patna, it is in the style of Mughal and Rajput architecture and is known locally as the Jadu Ghar.

    The Museum was constructed by the British to conserve and display the historical artifacts found in the vicinity of the state capital. The concept of having a museum arose in 1912, after Bihar and Bengal were separated. Patna Museum started functioning in 1915 from the commissioner’s bungalow, on the campus of A. N. Sinha Institute.

The Culture of Bihar includes  various unique forms of literature, cuisine, performing and visual arts, and festivals.

Bihar has an old tradition of folk songs, sung during important family occasions such as marriages, birth ceremonies, and festivals. They are sung mainly in group settings without the help of many musical instruments, although the dholak, Bansuri, and occasionally the tabla and harmonium are used. Bihar also has a tradition of lively Holi songs known as ‘Phagua’, characterised by their lively rhythms.

Bihar presents an admixture of the cultural traits of the Muslims kings and the Hindu emperors. In Bihar, we find a mixture of various castes.

The Bihari staple food is a dish composed of roti, dal, chawal, sabzi, and achar. It is prepared from lentils, wheat flour, rice, vegetables, and pickle. The traditional cooking medium is mustard oil.

Biharis eat a boiled rice-based lunch and roti-based dinner and breakfast. Khichdi, a broth of rice and lentils seasoned with spices and served with several accompanying items, constitutes the mid-day meal for most Hindu Biharis on Saturdays. The favourite dish among Biharis is litti-chokha. Litti is made up of sattu, while chokha is made of smashed potatoes, tomatoes and brinjals.


There are many places in Bihar to be explored. It has a glorious past and the culture of the state is worth watch.


  • GAYA


Imtiaz Ali

Imtiaz Ali is an Indian film director and writer. He started his career with writing and directing television shows. He directed shows like Imtehaan, Naina and Kurukshetra.

Sushant Singh Rajput

Sushant Singh Rajput is an Indian film and television actor. He started his career with television serials, including an award-winning performance in the soap opera Pavitra Rishta (2009–2011) and as a participant in two dance reality shows.

Gurmeet Choudhary

Gurmeet Choudhary known professionally as Gurmeet Choudhary is an Indian television actor, model and dancer. He made his Bollywood debut also the winner of the fifth season of the dance reality show Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa

Sonakshi Sinha

Sonakshi Sinha is an Indian film actress. She is a daughter of actors Shatrughan Sinha and Poonam Sinha. After working as a costume designer in her early career, Sinha made her acting debut










  • ♦Assam is located in the south of the Eastern Himalayas. 

    ♦It comprises the Brahmaputra Valley and the Barak Valley along with the Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao.

    ♦Assam, along with Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and Meghalaya, is one of the Seven Sister States.

    ♦The Capital of Assam is Dispur

    ♦The Official language of Assam ios Assamese

    ♦The  largest city of Assam is Gwahati.

    ♦Assam is well known for its tea and its silk.

    ♦The first oil well in Asia was drilled here.

    ♦It provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.


Guwahati is the city which is situated in Assam. It is one of the fastest growing cities of India. Guwahati is famous for Temples, Culture and wildlife. The Major tourist destination of this place are Kamakhya Temple and Kaziranga National Park.

Visiting Places:


Kaziranga National Park is a national park of the Assam state. It is one of the World Heritage Site of India. The National Park is a home to a large breeding populations of wild water buffalo, Elephants , swam deer and many more. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.


Kamkhya temple is situated in Assam. It is an Important pilgrimage. Kamakhya temple is a Hindu temple which is dedicated to Goddess Kamakhya. It is one of the 51 shakti Pithas. The Kamakhya Temple also Kamrup-Kamakhya.


Jorhat is a another city of Assam state in India. It is famously known for its History, natural beauty, culture and heritage. The most popular visiting places of Jorhat are Majuli, Dhekiakhowa bornaamghar.

Visiting Places:


Majuli is situated in Assam. It is a river Island in the Brahmaputra river. Majuli is the 1st Island District of the country. It is also recognized as the World’s Largest Island river in the Guinness Book of the World. The island is about 300–400 kilometres (186–249 mi) east from the state’s largest city. Mājuli is the abode of the Assamese neo-Vaishnavite culture.


Dhekiakhowa bornaamghar is a naamghar which was establish by Saint reformer Mahadeva in 1461. It is located in Jorhat city of Assam. Lot of devotees and visitors gather here everyday. It is called a Bornaamghar because of its historical association and large campus.  It is located at Dhekiakhowa village of Jorhat district, 15 km towards the east of Jorhat city 3.5 km away from National Highway 37.


Digboi is the Asia’s first oil refinery place and it is also the second in the world. The major attraction of this place is Digboi Oil Refinery.  Digboi is known as the Oil City of Assam where the first oil well in Asia was drilled. The first refinery was started here as early as 1901. Digboi has the oldest oil well in operation. It has eighteen holes golf course as part of the Digboi Club. It has guest houses and tourist residential apartments laid on Italian architectural plan to promote tourism in upper Assam.

Visiting Places:


Digboi oil refinery is the worlds oldest refinery. It was established in year 1901. It is the Asia’s Largest refinery and world’s second largest. The refinery at Digboi had an installed capacity 0.50 MMTPA (million metric tonnes per annum). The refining capacity of the refinery was increased to 0.65 MMTPA by modernization of refinery in July, 1996. A new delayed Coking Unit of 1,70,000 TPA capacity was commissioned in 1999. The MSQ Upgradation unit has been commissioned. A new terminal with state of the art facility is under construction and expected to be completed by 2016. The refinery is ISO-9001,ISO-14001 and OHSAS accredited, its laboratory is NABL accredited and follows TPM.

  • Assamese culture in its true sense today is a ‘cultural system’ composed of different sub-systems. Some of the common cultural traits are:

    § Respect towards areca-nut and betel leaves

    § Respect by Salutation of the Siju plant

    § Respect towards Jaapi

    § Respect towards traditional silk and cotton garments

    § Respect towards forefathers and elderly

    § bamboo culture

    Symbolism is an important part of Assamese culture. Various elements are being used to represent beliefs, feelings, pride, identity, etc. Symbolism is an ancient cultural practice in Assam, which is still very important for the people. TamulpanXorai and Gamosa are three important symbolic elements in Assamese culture.

    Bihu is the Most Celebrated Festival in Assam.

  • The food of Assam is famous for its distinct flavoring and influences.

    Assam’s most favourite dishes:

    ¿ Khaar: An Assamese meat delicacy

    ¿ Duck meat curry

    ¿ Maasor Tenga(Tangy Fish curry)

    ¿ Aloo Pitika : Comfort food of Assam

    ¿ Xaak aru bhuji (herbs & Vegetables)

    ¿ Ou Khatta

    ¿ Pitha : Home cooked sweet dishes of Assam



Assam is an incredible state having diverse and various types of cultures. Ranging from Wildlife to architectural beauty, Assam gives several reasons to visit this place.




Jaya Bhattacharya

Jaya Battacharya is an Indian television actress. She has also done small roles in movies. She is known for playing antagonistic roles in TV serials.

Urmila Mahanta

Urmila Mahanta is an Indian actress. A student of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune, Mahanta appeared in various plays, short films and television series.

Biswajeet Bora

Biswajeet Bora is an Indian film director, actor, screenwriter and script writer from Assam.

Tarun Arora

Tarun Arora is an Indian model turned actor who works in Bollywood films.








Arunachal Pradesh


  • ♦Arunachal Pradesh is one of the twenty-nine states of India.

    ♦Arunachal Pradesh is located in northeast India.

    ♦The Capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar.

    ♦Arunachal Pradesh, whose name means Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains in Sanskrit, is also known as the Orchid State of India or the Paradise of the Botanists.

    ♦Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state among the North-east Indian states commonly known as the Seven Sister States. 


Tawang is the smallest state of Arunachal Pradesh. Tawang is eighth least populous state in the country. Most of the people depend on the agriculture for living. Due to the Tawang’s cold climate farmers breed yak and sheep and also crops are planted in lower altitudes.

Visiting Places


The Sela Pass is a high altitude mountain pass. The Sela pass supports scarce amounts of Vegetarians. The Sela pass is usually covered with snow throughout the year. Sela Pass does not get heavy rainfalls during the winters and it is open throughout the year except emergency unnatural calamities.


Tawang Monastery is located in Twang City. Tawang Monastery is the Largest Monastery in India. It is also the Second largest Monastery in the world. The library of Monastery has old valuable Scriptures. The most famous festival celebrated in Twang Monastery is Torgya.


Itanagar is a city of Arunachal Pradesh. Itanagar is famous for Himalyan Ranges, Hritage and Brahmaputra River. Major attractions of Itanagar are Ita Fort and Ganga Lake.

Visiting Places


Ita fort is situated in Itanagar town. It is the most important historical site of the Arunachal Pradesh. Ita fort literally means, fort of Bricks. This fort was built in 14-15th century and It is in Irregular shape. It was built by Sutiya kingdom. It has three direction entrance. i.e. East, West and South Direction.


Ganga Lake is situated in Itanagar City of Andhra Pradesh. It is the most popular place of Itanagar. This lake is Still and it is green in color. People from all around visit this place as a recreation spot and for the picture perfect view of this lake.


Bomdila is a city situated in Arunachal Pradesh. It is well known snow clad Himalyan mountain ranges. It is famous for its nature, hills and serenity. This place is best for photography. It is situated 8000 ft above the sea level.

Visiting Places:


Bomdila Monastery represents the spiritual essence of Buddhism. It was establish in year 1965. It is the popular destination of this city. The Bomdila Gompa or monastery is one of the most prominent centres of the Lamaistic faith of Mahayana Buddhism.


Bomdila is famous for Apple Orchards also in Arunachal Pradesh. Visiting in Winter Season will be best to see apples all around the orchards. You can buy apple at low prices.

In Arunachal Pradesh every tribe has their own unique set of traditions and customs. The major tribes of Arunachal are: Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagins, Bori, and Bokar etc.

The sun and the moon are the presiding deities of the major tribes who follow the Donyi-Polo religion (the name stands for sun and moon).

Arunachal’s cultural lifestyle is dominated by colourful festivals. agriculture is the mainstay here so people generally celebrate festivals as a mark of thanksgiving to the Almighty for giving them a good harvest. These festivals also showcase the artistic skills of the various tribes. To experience the cultural festivals of the state, one should visit Ziro district which is very popular for festivities.

  • Rice.
  • Bamboo Shoot.
  • Pika Pila.
  • Pehak.
  • Apong.
  • Marua.
  • Chura Sabji.


Tourist interested in visiting a place which is full with variety of places to be seen and explored with the likes of having temples, historical monuments, monasteries, mountains and many more. Make use of the adventure related activities the state offers like trekking, angling, river rafting, camping, rock climbing etc.


  • ZIRO


Tapi Mra

Tapi Mra is a mountaineer from India and the first person from Arunachal Pradesh to scale Everest. Mra is from the Tagin people of the Upper Subansiri district of the state.

Mamang Dai

Mamang Dai is an Indian journalist, author, poet, and former civil servant based in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh.


Dibang is a senior journalist and news anchor. He hosts daily prime-time show 'Jan Man' and weekly show 'Press Conference' on the Hindi news channel ABP News. A member of debate panels of the channel, he is rated among the best Hindi anchors in the industry today.

Anshu Jamsenpa

Anshu Jamsenpa is an Indian mountaineer and the first woman in the world who scaled the summit of the Mount Everest twice in a season (and also just within 5 days). It is also the fastest double ascents of the tallest crest by a woman.







Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh


  • Andhra Pradesh is situated on the Southeastern cost of the Country.
  • Andhra Pradesh is the Eight Largest State in India according to area.
  • Also the Tenth Largest State by Population.
  • The Capitals of Andhra Pradesh is Hyderabad and Amaravati.
  • The official Language of Andhra Pradesh is Telgu.
  • Andhra Pradesh state was Founded on 1st October, 1953.

Vishakhapatnam is the largest city of Andhra Pradesh. It is the most populous city. The city is home to the oldest shipyard and the only natural harbour on the east coast of India.  It is referred with many nicknames such as, Goa of the East CoastThe City of DestinyThe Jewel of the East Coast.



Borra Caves are also known as Borra Guhalu. These caves are one of the largest caves in the country. These caves are considered as the Deepest caves in India. The caves were discovered in 1807  by William King George.


Kailasagiri is a hilltop park in the city of Vishakhapatnam. The park is covered with Flora and Tropical Trees. The Government of Andhra Pradesh awarded Kailasgiri as the Best tourist spot in 2013. It is a popular tourist spot.


The Varaha Lakshmi Narasimha temple is a South Indian Hindu temple situated on the Simhachalam hill. This temple is dedicated to the Lord Vishnu, who is worshipped here as Varaha Narasimha. It is believed that the deity is capable of giving progeny to women and fulfilling wishes of devotees. Kalyanotsava and Chandanotsava are the two major festivals celebrated in the temple, followed by Narasimha Jayanti, Navaratrotsava and Kamadahana.





Thotlakonda Buddhist Complexis situated on a hill. A hill on the sea coast with salubrious climate was an ideal attraction for the Buddhist monks to build a monastery complex here.


Tirupati is one of the major cultural and religious pilgrimage place in India. The town is famous for its temple dedicated to ‘Balaji’, a form of Lord Vishnu. The temple’s foundation history is unknown and it was expanded over the centuries by various kingdoms and dynasties including the Chola, Pallava and the Vijaynagar Empire. The temple is one of the major pilgrimage spots in India and especially in the southern India.



Venkateswara Temple is a landmark Vaishnavite temple situated in the Tirupati. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga. Hence the place has also got the name Kaliyuga Vaikuntham and Lord here is referred to as Kaliyuga Prathyaksha Daivam. The temple is also known by other names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Lord Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.


Image result for talakona waterfalls

Talakona waterfall is a highest waterfall in Andhra Pradesh. From the base, a trekking for nearly two kilometers will take you to the waterfalls. The views here are spectacular. The right time to visit the place would be during rainy season. The water is awesomely clear and cold. you can also go for a boat ride.


Sri Govindarajaswami Temple is an ancient temple and a very important shrine in the land. Idols of Lord Parthasarathy and Lord Govindaraja are found here. It is said that Saint Ramanujacharya laid foundation to the temple in 1130 AD. The temple premises houses few other shrines as well. Sri Govindarajaswami is Lord Balaji’s elder brother. Hence, the functions and festivals conducted here strike similarity to the ones conducted at Lord Balaji’s temple.


The richest temple in the world is located in Chittoor district. Chittoor has a perfect blend of various elements to satisfy spiritual, religious and artistic minded persons and not to leave out those who love history.



Horsley Hills is a hill station in Chittoor. It is also called as ‘Andhra Ooty’. If you want to relax and not keen to be looking for some place to visit then its a right place for you. Trekking would be challenging and you can indulge in other outdoor activities like swimming and archery. Children will love the park and the small zoo here.


Nagari hills is a famous picnic spot of Andhra Pradesh. The key attraction of the hills is the towering and the mellowest point which is also known as the Nagari Nose because of its similarity with a human nose. The cliff of the Nagari Hill is set at an altitude of 855m above the sea level. That place is also known as Nagari Murkonda.


Kadapa literally means “Gateway”. This name owes to its special location which acts as a gateway to the pilgrim spot of the Tirumala Hills. Kadapa was a part of the various ancient kingdoms of the South and it’s famous for its various temples and forts.



Belum Caves are the largest and longest caves in India. Belum Caves are known for its Speleothems such as Stalactite and Stalagmite. The Belum Caves have long passages, galleries, spacious caverns with fresh water and siphons. Belum Caves are 3229 meters long. It is also called Belum Guhalu. The Belum Caves came into exists in 1884 by Robert Bruce Foote. In 1988, Belum caves were declared as a safe and protected site by Government of Andhra Pradesh.


Gandikota fort accquired its name due to “Gorge” formed between the Erramala range of hills, also known as Gandikota hills and the river Pennar that flows at its foot. it is endowed with vast natural resources. Gandikota area was first identified and made Sand fort in 1123 by Kapa Raja of nearby Bommanapalle village.


Pushpagiri Temple is located on the banks of the Pinkakini River that meanders through the District which has origins on Nandi Hills in Karnataka. It is a beautiful place which has many temples and a favorite pilgrimage. It is famously called the Second Hampi.


Image result for vontimitta

Vontimitta is a very important destination. It has a famous Sri Kodandarama Swami Temple. The idols of three Hindu gods in the temple are carved off a single rock. This temple is dedicated to Lord Rama. It is stated to be the largest temple in the region.

Andhra Pradesh’s cultural history can be summarised under the sections of Art, Architecture, Literature, Cuisine, Clothing, Religion / Philosophy and Language.

Andhra Pradesh is home to some of the finest historical cloth making/fashion and dying traditions of the world. Its rich cotton production, with its innovative plant dye extraction history stand next to its diamond mining, pearl harvesting and jewelry traditions to form an impressive fashion tradition that has stood the test of time. The ancient Golconda mine is the mother of the numerous legendary gems such as the Koh-i-Noor and Hope Diamond.

There are two distinct and rich architectural traditions in Andhra Pradesh. The first traces back to the building of the city of Amaravathi under Satavahanas.

Famous Dishes in Andhra Pradesh:

Andhra Style Chicken Curry

Panasa Puttu Koora

Gutti Vankaya Kura

Andhra Pepper Chicken

Crispy Andhra Bhindi

Hyderabadi Biryani

Boorelu (Deep Fried Sweet Dumplings)

Pesarattu (Green Garam Dosa)


Tourist interested in visiting a place which is full with variety of places to be seen and explored with the likes of having temples, historical monuments, monasteries, mountains and many more. Make use of the adventure related activities the state offers like trekking, angling, river rafting, camping, rock climbing etc.


  • ZIRO


Prathap C. Reddy

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Ram Gopal Varma

Ram Gopal Varma is a popular Indian film director, screenwriter and producer, known for his works in Telugu cinema and Bollywood.

Satti Venkata Krishna Reddy

Satti Venkata Krishna Reddy is an Indian film director, actor, producer, screenwriter and composer, known for his works in Telugu cinema, bollywood, kollywood,and Bollywood. He has garnered three state Nandi Awards and the Filmfare Best Telugu Director Award.

Sameera Reddy

Sameera Reddy is a former Indian actress who primarily appears in Hindi films. She has also appeared in a few Telugu and Tamil films.








Andaman & Nicobar Island


  • Andaman & Nicobar Islands are one of the Seven Continents of India.
  • Andaman & Nicobar Islands got Established on 1st November, 1956.
  • The Capital of the Andaman Island is Port Blair.
  • The Capital of Nicobar Island is Car Nicobar.
  • The Official Language of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands are English and Bengali.

Image result for port blair

Port Blair is the capital of Andaman and Nicobar Island. Port Blair is famous for freedom struggle, nature and history. One of the most famous tourists attraction of Port Blair is Cellular Jail. It also serves as the entry point for visiting the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Port Blair is connected with mainland India by both air and sea. It is a 2-hour flight from mainland India to Port Blair.As of October 2017, it is still not possible to fly to Port Blair from outside India.


Image result for havelock island

Havelock island is a very popular tourists attraction. It is famous for beaches. Havelock island is a home to the Radhanagar Beach.  The water is sparkling blue and devoid of any wave action. There are a huge number of activities that one can do like scuba diving, snorkeling, boating, fishing etc. The beach is especially popular for couples.


Image result for nicobar islands

Great Nicobar Island is famous for Ecological hotspot, nature and wildlife. The great Nicobar island is known widely for its Rain forest that houses a Diverse wildlife.The Nicobar Islands are an archipelagic island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean. UNESCO has declared the Great Nicobar Island as one of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Image result for andaman and nicobar islands culture

Andaman and Nicobar culture are the culture of the indigenous people of the islands. Andaman and Nicobar islanders can be divided into two major groups. The main ethnic groups of the Andamans are the Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, and Sentinalese. The main groups of Nicobar tribes are the Nicobari (Nicobarese) and Shompen.

All these tribes have continued with their indigenous culture at Andaman and Nicobar islands, and still continue to do so. The relative isolation of these tribes have helped to preserve these streams of Andaman and Nicobar culture.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands celebrate each and every festival with a lot of enthusiasm. All the fairs and festivals in the city are very exciting and attract thousands of tourists from all over the world.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is also famous for its interesting and unique arts, music and dance styles. Tourist who want to know more about the islands and its tribes should definitely try to witness the age-old dance styles of the natives over here. The various dance forms, which is many times accompanied by music, portray the true lifestyle of the natives over here.

The availability of coconut, fish and root tubers have influenced the cuisine of South India. Rice is the staple food for the people of South India instead of wheat, which is more popular in northern states. For generations, people of South India have migrated & settled in Andman & Nicobar Islands.


Andaman & Nicobar Islands are one of the most beautiful places of India. The place is well equipped with natural beauty.




Andaman Wood Pigeon


Pterocarpus Dalbergioides

Lagerstroemia Hypoleuca










♦Uttarakhand is formerly known as Uttaranchal.

♦The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradhun.

♦Official Languages of Uttarakhand are Hindi and Sanskrit.

♦Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Rpublic of India.

♦ It is often referred to as the Devbhumi due to many Hindutemples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state.

♦ Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai.

♦ The natives of the state are generally called Uttarakhandi, or more specifically either Garhwali or Kumaoni by their region of origin. 


1. Dehradun

The geographical location of Dehradun is picturesque with Himalayan ranges in view and River Ganges and River Yamuna on either side of the city. Natural beauty apart, the place is famous for the splendid architectural display by some of the ancient constructions. 

Attractions of Dehradun-

# Sahastradhara

The name Sahastradhara literally means ‘The Thousand Fold Spring’ is a popular tourist destination in Dehradun. It comprised of waterfalls, caves and steppe farming lands and provides a totally marvelous and rejuvenating experience to its visitors. The name is due to the water that drips from the limestone stalactites in the caves and its waterfalls.

# Tiger Falls

Tiger Falls are 50 meters high waterfalls. The waterfalls are situated amidst a picturesque setting of dense forests at the foothills of the Himalayas. The water converges into a small pond which provides a perfect setting for an outing with friends and family. At an elevation of 312 ft, it is considered the highest direct waterfall in India.

# Robbers Cave

Robbers Cave is known by the locals as Gucchupani. The cave is divided into two main parts with its highest fall being 10 meters long. The place is known for its unique natural phenomenon known as the disappearing stream. The place was believed to be used by the robbers to hide during the British Raj hence owing to its name.



Famously referred to as the ‘Lake District of India’, Nainital, at 1938 meters above sea level, is a scenic delight that would be irresistible to any tourist. It is located around the famous Naini Lake in a valley. With mountains on all sides, Nainital is where you need to be for a rendezvous with nature.

Places to visit:


Known commonly as the Naini Lake, it is situated in the middle of the town and is the lifeline of Nainital. Boating facilities are available for the visitors and alternatively a slow paced stroll around the lake will offer a serene relaxation like no other.


Known as the Cheena or China Peak by the locals, Naina Peak is the highest peak in Nainital. It is situated at an average elevation of 2,615 meters above sea level and is a popular trekking spot in Nainital. The spot is known to offer one of the most amazing panoramic views of the entire valley and Nainital situated near the Naini Lake.


One of the best viewpoints in Nainital, the Snow View is located at an average elevation of 2,270 above sea level is reachable by a cable car. It provides amazing and picturesque views of the snow capped Himalayas with the major peaks like Nanda Devi, Nanda Kot and Trishul.



Located at an altitude of 6000 feet, Mussoorie, the ‘Queen of Hills’, is beauty personified. With snow-covered Himalayan peaks on view, the land abundant in natural beauty has an excellent climate too. The winters are chilling and the summers are pleasant. The beauty of the place mesmerized Captain Young of the British army who made this place his residence in the year 1820. Mussoorie has seen countless footprints ever since the discovery, the list of excited tourists to enjoy the immense beauty of the place is growing.


Rishikesh is a blend of tranquility and adventure. Its location at the confluence of River Ganges and River Chandrabhaga and views of spectacular hills and various adventurous activities such as trekking, rafting and camping captivate nature lovers; the tranquility of the place with the importance attached to it as a pilgrim center touches the soul of pilgrims. Rishikesh is called as the Yoga Capital of the world.


The culture of Uttarakhand shows a distinctive pattern, with the elements from each of the ethnic groups and sub-groups that resides in this place. It can be said that the culture of Uttarakhand is a juncture where the different cultures of the Kumaoni-Garhwal meet. Talking about the culture of Uttarakhand, we can begin with the people of Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand houses seven different ethnic groups, having as many as seven different cultures. 

As rich in natural wealth, Uttarakhand also rich in its traditional foods and sweets. While visiting Chardham Yatra, you can enjoy mouthwatering traditional & local cuisine, These cuisines represent Uttarakhand in its self with highlighting culture and tradition. As we know people of Uttarakhand are courageous, meticulous and honest. And their foods are nutritious, with great taste. The food Garhwal people also get change with season, Due to abundance of milk people are very fond of dairy product.

Besides these non vegetarian meal is also liked by people. Seasonal vegetable green leaf, beans, seasonal fruits, rice, Chapati of Mandua and Juice or Sarbat of Burans and Malta in beverage are very popular among people. 


Uttarakhand is a great tourist destination for visiting as it has a number of ancient holy cities, valleys, forests, trekking spots along with panoramic views and landscape surroundings.





Anushka Sharma is an Indian actress and film producer. She has established a career in Hindi films, and is one of the most popular and highest-paid actresses in India.


Urvashi Rautela is an Indian film actress and model who predominantly works in Hindi films. Rautela was crowned Miss Diva - 2015 and represented India at the Miss Universe 2015 pageant.


Neha Kakkar is an Indian singer.


Richa Panai is an air hostess for Kingfisher Airlines, and an actress who appears in Bollywood, Tollywood, Mollywood and various ads. Richa Panai came to prominence as a model in advertisements for the Indian jewellery company Bhima Jewellery.










♦Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world.

♦Uttar Pradesh was created on 1 April 1937.

♦ Lucknow is the capital city of UttarPradesh.

♦Hindi is the official and most widely spoken language in its 75 districts.

♦ Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state’s economy.

♦ The two major rivers of the state are “The Ganges” and “The Yamuna”.

♦ The Uttar Pradesh state has several historical, natural, and religious tourist destinations.


  1. AGRA

Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. It is a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur; and the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, tourist circuit of UP state, along Lucknow the capital of the state and Varanasi. Agra falls within the Braj cultural region.

The city was first mentioned in the epic Mahābhārata, where it was called Agrevaa (derived from Sanskrit meaning “the border of the forest”) Legend ascribes the founding of the city to Raja Badal Singh, a Sikarwar Rajput king (c. 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the site of the present fort. However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas’ūd Sa’d Salmān writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by the Shāhī King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. It was mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD when a Ghaznavide force captured it. Sultan Sikandar Lodī (1488–1517) was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1506. He governed the country from here and Agra assumed the importance of the second capital. He died in 1517 and his son, Ibrāhīm Lodī, remained in power there for nine more years and several palaces, wells and a mosque were built by him in the fort during his period. Finally being defeated at the Battle of Panipat in 1526. Between 1540 and 1556, Afghans, beginning with Sher Shah Suri ruled the area. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1658.

Here are some top attractions for you to visit in Agra.


The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan(reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centrepiece of a complex nearly 17 hectares (42 acres) in area, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.

Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees (US$827 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.


Agra Fort is the former imperial residence of the Mughal Dynasty located in Agra, India. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage site and is about 2.5 km northwest of its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled city.

The present-day structure was built by the Mughals, though a fort had stood there since at least the 11th century. Agra Fort was originally a brick fort known as Badalgarh, held by Raja Badal Singh Hindu Sikarwar Rajput king (c. 1475). It was mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD when a Ghaznavide force captured it. Sikandar Lodi (1488–1517) was the first Sultan of Delhi who shifted to Agra and lived in the fort. He governed the country from here and Agra assumed the importance of the second capital. He died in the fort in 1517 and his son, Ibrahim Lodi, held it for nine years until he was defeated and killed at Panipat in 1526. Several palaces, wells and a mosque were built by him in the fort during his period. After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, the victorious Babur stayed in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. He later built a baoli(step well) in it. The emperor Humayun was crowned in the fort in 1530. Humayun was defeated at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah. The fort remained with the Suris till 1555, when Humanyun recaptured it. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and pursued its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of Tughlaqabad.

Realising the importance of its central situation, Akbar made it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. His historian, Abu’l-Fazl, recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’ . It was in a ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone from Barauli area in Rajasthan. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573.

It was only during the reign of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan that the site took on its current state. Legend has it that Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Unlike his grandfather, Shah Jahan tended to have buildings made from white marble. He destroyed some of the earlier buildings inside the fort to make his own.

At the end of his life, Shah Jahan was deposed and restrained by his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort. It is rumoured that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with a view of the Taj Mahal.


Tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is often described as a “jewel box” and sometimes called the “Baby Tāj”, the tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Tāj Mahal.

Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture – primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi and Akbar’s tomb in Sikandra – to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the Tāj Mahal.

The mausoleum was commissioned by Nūr Jahān, the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mirzā Ghiyās Beg, originally a Persian Amir in exile, who had been given the title of I’timād-ud-Daulah (pillar of the state). Mirzā Ghiyās Beg was also the grandfather of Mumtāz Mahāl (originally named Arjūmand Bāno, daughter of Asaf Khān), the wife of the emperor Shāh Jahān, responsible for the construction of the Tāj Mahal. Nur Jehan was also responsible for the construction of the Tomb of Jehangir at Lahore.


Fatehpur Sikri is a city in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Modern city was founded in 1569 by the Emperor Akbar, and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. After his military victories over Chittor and Ranthambore, Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to a new location Sikri ridge, to honour the Sufi saint Salim Chishti. Here he commenced the construction of a planned walled city, which took the next fifteen years in planning, and construction of a series of royal palaces, harem, courts, a mosque, private quarters and other utility buildings. He named the city Fatehabad, with Fateh, a word of Arabic origin in Persian, meaning “victorious.” It was later called Fatehpur Sikri. It is at Fatehpur Sikri that the legends of Akbar and his famed courtiers, the nine jewels or Navaratnas, were born. Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best preserved collections of Indian Mughal architecture in India.

According to contemporary historians, Akbar took a great interest in the building of Fatehpur Sikri and probably also dictated its architectural style. Seeking to revive the splendours of Persian court ceremony made famous by his ancestor Timur, Akbar planned the complex on Persian principles. But the influences of his adopted land came through in the typically Indian embellishments. The easy availability of sandstone in the neighbouring areas of Fatehpur Sikri also meant that all the buildings here were made of the red stone. The Imperial Palace complex consists of a number of independent pavilions arranged in formal geometry on a piece of level ground, a pattern derived from Arab and central Asian tent encampments. In its entirety, the monuments at Fatehpur Sikri thus reflect the genius of Akbar in assimilating diverse regional architectural influences within a holistic style that was uniquely his own.


The Aram Bagh is the oldest Mughal Garden in India. It was originally built by the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528. It is located about five kilometres northeast of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. Babur was temporarily buried there before being interred in Kabul.

The garden is a Persian garden, where pathways and canals divide the garden to represent the Islamic ideal of paradise, an abundant garden through which rivers flow. The Aram Bagh provides an example of a variant of the charbagh in which water cascades down three terraces in a sequence of cascades. Two viewing pavilions face the Jumnariver and incorporates a subterranean ‘tahkhana’ which was used during the hot summers to provide relief for visitors.


Khas Mahal was built by Shah Jahan between 1631-40. ‘Khas Mahal’ or ‘Aramgah-i-Muqaddar’ has river on the one side and Anguri Bagh on the other. It was built for the two favorite daughters of Shah Jahan, Jahanara and Roshanara, it has a beautiful tank in front with fountains, white marble pavilions and open courts.
It is believed that Jahanara lived in the northern one of the two almost identical pavilions separated from the central hall by a high marble wall. These red sand stone pavilions have been plastered with white shell plaster and have skilful gold work in its mural paintings. The interiors are profusely ornamented in floral and geometrical patterns from the dados to the ceiling. Gold and blue, the royal colors, have been abundantly used here and still their traces are visible on the walls.


Panch Mahal is a five-story palace in Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The Panch Mahal,also known as “Badgir” meaning wind catcher tower, was commissioned by sikarwar rajputs . This structure stands close to the Zenana quarters (Harem) which supports the supposition that it was used for entertainment and relaxation. This is one of the most important building in Fatehpur Sikri . This is an extraordinary structure employing the design elements of a Buddhist Temple; entirely columnar, consisting of four stories of decreasing size arranged asymmetrically upon the ground floor, which contains 84 columns. Thesecolumns, that originally had jaali (screens) between them, support the whole structure. Once these screens provided purdah (cover) to queens and princess on the top terraces enjoying the cool breezes and watching splendid views of Sikri fortifications and the town nestling at the foot of the ridge.

The pavilion gives a majestic view of the fort that lies on its left. The pool in front of the Panch Mahal is called the Anoop Talao. It would have been filled with water, save for the bridge, and would have been the setting for musical concerts and other entertainment. The ground floor has 84 columns, the first story has 56 columns and the second and third stories have 20 and 12 columns respectively. The topmost story has 4 columns supporting a chhattri. There are 176 columns in all and each is elegantly carved with no two alike.


The Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audiences, in the Red Fort of Delhi. Delhi was the place where the Mughal emperor received courtiers and state guests. It was also known as the Shah Mahal.

A gate on the north side of the preceding Diwan-i-Am audience hall led to the innermost court of the palace called Jalau Khana  and the Diwan-i-Khas. Originally there were two enclosures on the west of the hall, one for the nobles and the other for those of a lower rank. These arcaded courts were destroyed after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.


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Buland Darwaza  or the “Gate of Magnificence”, was built in 1576 A.D. by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. It is the main entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri, a town which is 43 km from Agra, India.

Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway in the world and is an example of Mughal architecture. It displays Akbar’s empire.

Buland Darwaza was not a part of the original design of the Jami Masjid, it was erected by Akbar to celebrate his conquest of Gujrat in 1573.


The beauty of the red sand stone charms you the moment you step within the vicinity of the Fatehpur Sikri while on a Tour to Uttar Pradesh. Elegance personified, the entirety of the complex of Fatehpur Sikri is adorned with some of the finest elements of the reign of the Mughals. Characteristic in its grandeur, which corresponds to the reality of the Mughals, the entirety of Fatehpur Sikri is a definite must include if you are planning a tour to Uttar Pradesh. Of the Monuments in Fatehpur Sikri, perhaps one of the most notable is the Palace of Jodha Bai, Fatehpur Sikri.

History of the Palace of Jodha Bai, Fatehpur Sikri

Built as a form of homage to the memory of the great Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chisti, who, it is said, blessed the emperor with an heir to the Mughal throne in India. He was later known as Jahangir. Fatehpur Sikri was built in 1571 and stood as the capital of the Mughal Empire till the year 1585 when it was abandoned due to what, today is guessed by historians to be a severe water shortage. Declared recently as one of the prestigious World Heritage Monuments by UNESCO. Fatehpur Sikri is today one of the most popular tourist destinations while on a trip to Uttar Pradesh.


Ayodhya is also known as Saket. It is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana. It is nearby to Faizabad city at the south end in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom.

Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites (Saptapuri) for Hindus. It is believed that the birth spot of Rama was marked by a temple, which was demolished by the orders of the Mughal emperor Babur and a mosque erected in its place. The Ayodhya dispute concerns the activism by the Hindu groups to rebuild a Rama’s temple at the site.

Given below are some important attractions of Ayodhya


‘Kanak Bhawan’ is the biggest, religiously one of the most important and architecturally an aesthetically built temple dedicated to Lord Ram and his divine consort Sita. It is located in the pilgrim holy town of Ayodhya in the state of Uttar Pradesh of India. This shrine is a wonderful sample of temple architecture and design, and is the most beautiful and attractive structure in Ayodhya. The enchantment of the divine view of the holy deities and their magnetic pull is of such intensity that the eyes of the beholder are riveted by their beauty, and he finds it difficult to move his eyes away from them. It is something to be experienced and not simply told and read, because the words have their own limitations. It becomes a sort of love at first sight when the visitor is compelled in his heart to make a promise to himself that he would come over and over again to experience and soak in this divine glory of the Lord as much as he can.


Hanumangarhi is a temple of Lord Hanuman in Ayodhya. More than 70 steps lead to the main Hanuman temple which is one of the most popular temples of Lord Hanuman in North India.


This is precisely because Ramkot is the site of the ancient citadel of Ramkot that stands on an elevated ground in the western part of the city. The place marks the site of Lord Ram’s fort that once existed. This the same place where Lord Rama was bestowed with the kingdom and kinship of ‘Koshala’. Pilgrims throughout the year frequent the place. Nevertheless, the sheer festive mood that engulfs it on the day of Ram Navami or the Birthday of Rama is spectacular. This festival is celebrated with much fanfare in the Hindu month of Chaitra.


Bahu Begum ka Maqbara is the Tomb of Queen Bride Begum Unmatuzzohra Bano alias Bahu Begum. A memorial built for queen of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula. Its one of the tallest buildings in Faizabad and is a beautiful example of non-mughal Muslim architecture. The Mausoleum of Bahu Begum created by Nawab Suja-ud-Daula in the memory of his loving wife is famous for the creative architectural brilliance with which it was designed and constructed. Shuja-ud-daula’s wife was the well known as Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which was built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of the city is obtainable from top of the begum’s tomb. Bahu Begum was a woman of great distinction and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum’s death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad gradually fell into decay. The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula.


Gulab Bari (meaning ‘Garden of Roses’) is the Tomb of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula is in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. This place has a good collection of roses of various varieties set by the sides of water fountains. Gulab Bari is the maqbara (Mausoleum) of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula, the third Nawab of Oudh (now Awadh) in the campus. This monument has declared to be of National Importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 as updated by the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010. It is also the place of worship and various cultural events.


Guptar Ghat is the sacred Ghat on the bank of River Saryu. It is believed to be the spot where Lord Rama took Jal Samadhi. It comprises a series of fine well-maintained Ghats built by Raja Darshan Singh in the first half of the 19th century. On the top of the Ghats there are the Sita-Ram Temple, the Chakrahari and the Guptahari shrines and Narasingh Temple.


The Faizabad Museum is one of the chief Tourist Attractions in Faizabad. The small town of Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh is located 125 kilometers away from the State Capital, Lucknow. Faizabad is also situated 6 kilometers to the east of the historic city of Ayodhya.

Faizabad Museum is a unique museum in itself. The very location of the Museum of Faizabad, in the historic setting gives rise to an ample amount of pleasure in the minds of the tourists.

The Faizabad Museum is situated in Guptar Park, which itself is located near the Guptar Ghat. The Guptar Park is a famous site in Faizabad. According to a popular belief, Lord Rama is said to have disappeared inside the temple which stands in the center of the park.


Vrindavan is a town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the site where according to Hinduism, Lord Krishna spent his childhood days. The town is about 11 km away from Mathura, Krishna’s birthplace on the Agra-Delhi highway (NH 2). The town hosts many temples dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna and is considered sacred by Vaishnavism. Vrindavan has an ancient past, associated with Hindu history, and is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. The essence of Vrindavan was lost over time until the 16th century, when it was rediscovered by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. In the year 1515, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu visited Vrindavana, with the purpose of locating the lost holy places associated with Lord Sri Krishna’s transcendent pastimes. Chaitanya wandered through the different sacred forests of Vrindavana in a spiritual trance of divine love. It was believed that by His divine spiritual power, He was able to locate all the important places of Krishna’s pastimes in and around Vrindavana. Mira Bai left the kingdom of Mewar and went on pilgrimages. In her last 14 years, Meera lived in a temple called Pracheen Meerabai in Vrindavan. Meera Bai is the most famous female Hindu spiritual poet, whose compositions are still popular throughout North India.

Some of the leading tourist’s destinations in vrindavan are


The Yamuna sometimes called Jamuna is the longest and the second largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand. It travels a total length of 1,376 kilometres (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 square kilometres (141,399 sq mi), 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin, before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years. It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea.

It crosses several states, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, passing by Uttarakhand and later Delhi, and meets its tributaries on the way, including Tons, its largest tributary in Uttarakhand, Chambal, its longest tributary which has its own large basin, followed by Sindh, the Betwa, and Ken. Most importantly it creates the highly fertile alluvial, Yamuna-Ganges Doabregion between itself and the Ganges in the Indo-Gangetic plain.


The Bankey Bihari temple in Vrindavan is amongst the holiest and famous temples of Krishna in World. In Braj language Bankey means “Bent at three places” and Bihari means “Supreme enjoyer”. Bankey bihari ji is worshiped and looked after as a child. There is a different and unique style of celebrating every festival in Bankey bihari temple. The deity is dressed up and offered cuisine (bhog, prasad) according to season. Temple is decorated with lights and various types of flowers according to festival. There are no bells or conch in the temple because Bankey Bihari does not like the sound of bells or conch. There is only chant of ‘radha naam’. When someone enters in the temple, he feels an eternal bliss and calm and forgets all miseries. As soon as someone meets with Thakur ji, he becomes dedicating himself to Thakur ji.


Gopala Bhatta Gosvami established this temple. The Deity of Sri Radha-Raman was manifested from one of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami’s shalagram-shilas (Damodara), on the full moon day (Purnima), 15th day of the month of Vaishaka (April-May) in 1542. It is the day after the appearance day of Lord Narasimha. Sri Radha Raman’s Appearance Place is in the Radha-Raman Temple, next to the samadhi of Gopala Bhatta. It is said that there are markings of discs on the Deity’s back and feet. The Deity of Radha-Raman is around 30cm (1 foot) tall. Gopala Bhatta Gosvami’s other shalagram-shilas are also worshiped on the altar here. Radha-Ramanji is one of the few original Deities of the Gosvamis still in Vrindavana.


Harivamsa Gosvami, a disciple of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, founded this popular temple. He is the founder of the Radha-Ballabha Sect, and is known for his emotional poetry about Radha and Krishna. He was born around 1500 in the village of Bad, about 10 km from Mathura, on the Mathura-Agra Road, in Braja Mandala.

History of Shri Radha Vallabh Temple

This temple was constructed for Radha Ballabha around 1626 by a Bengali devotee named Sundara Das, who was the disciple of Braja Chand, Sri Hit Harivamsa’s son. The soldiers of Aurangzeb desecrated this temple in 1670. The present temple, which is adjacent to the old one, is where the Deity is now worshiped. This temple was completed in 1871-72.


This is the oldest temple in Vrindavan. Gopesvara Mahadeva is Lord Siva, who came to Vrindavan to become a gopi of Krishna. Here Vrinda Devi blessed him and allowed him to enter the rasa dance of Lord Krishna. Ever since, all Vaisnavas pray first for his mercy to become a servant of the servant of the gopis.Vajranabha, the great grandson of Krishna, also installed the Siva-linga in this temple. Every morning from 4 am to noon, thousands of people pour Yamuna water over the linga. It is said that the big pipal tree here is a kalpavriksa tree and will fulfill all desires..


On a pleasant night of Sharat Poornima, when Krishna ji was performing Maharasa on the banks of Yamuna near Vamshivat in Vrindavan, Lord Shiv along with mother Parvati reached their to participate in Rasa. Mother Parvati was readily granted entryinto Rasa Mandal but Shiv was detained at the outskirts of Vrindavan by Vrinda Devi, the presiding deity of Vrindavan. Vrinda Devi explained to Him, There is no male in Vrindavan other than Krishna,The spirit of Rasa is to please Raseshwari Shri Radha as a sakhi (friend) so as to maximize the bliss or Rasa Ras. A male devotee, however exalted he may be, can never develop this sakhibhav and is thus not worthy of entering into Rasa Mandal.Shiv was left with no option but to sit at the entry point of Vrindavan and watching the magnificent Leela of Divinity.


The deities of the temple are Krishna and Balarama, at the central altar. On the right altar are Radha Krishna with Gopi, Lalita and Vishakha. On the left altar is a Idol of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu with Nityananda, and of Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada and his spiritual teacher Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura. Of all the temples in Vrindavan Krishna-Balaram Mandir, adopted one of the highest standards of cleanliness and of deity worship.

Sri Krishna-Balaram Mandir was built in 1975 on the orders of Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). Even today, it is regarded as one of the most popular temples in Vrindavan.


The special feature of art of Vastu is that the temple has doors that open in all directions. Temple has magnificent carvings on the inside and outside. In Temple premises one can have darshan of Shree Krishan’s Giriraj leela.


Made with Italian marble this temple exhibits stunning combination of modern and ancient times. This magnificent temple made in Vrindavan is 125 feet high. The length of the temple is 122 feet and the width is 115 feet. The influence of south Indian culture of craftsmanship can be seen in the Temple. Water fountains and gardens on all four sides were adding to the beauty of the temple. Every modern service is available on this temple facility that extends on 54 acres of land.


Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It lies in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj River. Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi district and Jhansi division Called the Gateway to Bundelkhand. Jhansi is situated between the rivers Pahuj and Betwa at an average elevation of 285 metres (935 feet). It is about 415 kilometres (258 mi) from New Delhi and 292 kilometres (181 mi) from Lucknow.

The original walled city grew around its stone fort which crowns a neighbouring rock. The ancient name of the city was Balwantnagar. From 1817 to 1854, Jhansi was the capital of the princely state of Jhansi which was ruled by Maratharajas. The state was annexed by the British Governor General in 1854; Damodar Rao’s claim to the throne was rejected but Rani Lakshmibai ruled it from June 1857 to June 1858.

Some of the tourists’ attractions in Jhansi are:


Jhansi Fort is also called Jhansi ka Kila. It is a fortress situated on a large hilltop called Bangira, in Uttar Pradesh, Northern India. It served as a stronghold of the Chandela Kings in Balwant Nagar from the 11th through the 17th century.


In 1728, Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. Shrimant Bajirao Peshve helped Maharaja Chattrasal defeat the Mughal army. As a mark of gratitude, Maharaja Chattrasal offered a part of his state, which included Jhansi, to Shrimant Bajirao Peshve . In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the strategically important Jhansi fort (the extension is called Shankergarh), but also constructed other buildings. In 1757, after Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa. Madhav Govind Kakirde and then Babulal Kanahai were made the subedars of Jhansi. From 1766 to 1769 Vishwas Rao Laxman served as the subedar of Jhansi. Then Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar was appointed the subedar of Jhansi. He was a very able administrator, increasing the revenue of the state and building both the MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple.

After the death of Shiv Rao his grandson Ramchandra Rao was made subedar of Jhansi. His poorly administered term ended with is death in 1835. His successor Raghunath Rao (III) died in 1838. The British rulers then accepted Gangadhar Rao as the Raja of Jhansi. The inefficient administration of Raghunath Rao (III) left Jhansi in a very poor financial position.

However, he was succeeded by Raja Gangadhar Rao, who was a very good administrator. He was reportedly very generous and sympathetic, and the local population of Jhansi was well satisfied. In 1842 Raja Gangadhar Rao married Manikarnika Tambe who was the given the new name of Lakshmi Bai. Lakshmi Bai ruled Jhansi after the death of her husband and used the fort as her residence. In 1858 she led Jhansi forces against those of the British East India Company.


The Rani Mahal is a royal palace in the city of Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The palace was built by Raghu Nath-II of the Newalkar family (1769-96). This palace later formed one of the residences for Rani Lakshmibai. Architecturally, it is a flat-roofed, two-storeyed building having a quadrangular courtyard with a small well and one fountain on opposing sides. The palace consists of six halls and parallel corridors with multi-foiled arches and a number of small rooms. The Darbar Hall, approached by a flight of steps, is beautifully decorated with paintings in bright colours exhibiting various floral, faunal and geometrical motifs. The arches are embellished with peacock and rosette patterns. The major part of it was damaged by British bombardment during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The ground floor of the palace houses stone sculptures collected from Madanpur, Barua Sagar, Dudhai and Chandpur dating from the Gupta to Medieval periods (9th to 12th centuries).


One of the important tourist places in Uttar Pradesh is Jhansi. Jhansi is famous for its beautiful tourist attractions. Situated in the heart of Bundelkhand, Jhansi is famous for its history and cultural heritage. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi is one of the important monuments in Jhansi. offers online information on Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi and other tourist attractions of India.

Gangadhar Rao was the Maharaja of Jhansi in the 19th century. His wife was Lakshmi Bai fought with the East India Company to protect Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh in India. During 1853, the Britishers wanted to capture Jhansi as the king had no son as the heir to the throne. Lakshmi Bai fought against the British along with the other revolutionaries of that period. Jhansi ki Rani Lakshmi Bai led the Sepoys of the 1857 and it was the first organized freedom struggle of India. Lakshmi Bai became a martyr on 17th June 1858.

It was Lakshmi Bai who built the Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi. The Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi was dedicated to Maharaja Gangadhar Rao who was the king of Jhansi and Lakshmi Bai’s husband. This is one of the ancient monuments in Jhansi Uttar Pradesh. It was built by his wife Maharani Laxmi Bai. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi is one of the interesting Tourist Attractions In Jhansi and it brings travelers from all over.

Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh in India is one of the interesting tourist places in Uttar Pradesh which attracts tourists from all over. On your Tour to Jhansi you explore these beautiful tourist attractions.


KushinagarKusinagar or Kusinara is a town in the Kushinagar district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh The Government of Uttar Pradesh has proposed Kushinagar-Sarnath Buddha Expressway to connect Buddhist pilgrimage towns. The expressway will also promote easy accessibility from other East UP towns to proposed AIIMS near Gorakhpur. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Buddhists believe Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death. Outside India, it is an International Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre. The followers of Buddhism, especially from Asian countries, wish to visit this place at least once in their lifetime.

Top attractions of KUSHINAGAR are


The Sun temple dedicated to the Sun God. It was built during the Gupta Period and it is mentioned in the Puranas. The temple is famous for its idol of the Sun God which was carved out of a special black stone (Neelmani Stone). The statue was believed to have been found during excavations conducted between the 4th and the 5th centuries.

The ancient city of Kushinagar is the final resting place of Gautama Buddha and thus is considered to be the most important pilgrim spots for the Buddhist followers. From Hieun Tsang to Fa Hein, the city has been an important spot for the Buddhist pilgrim since the ancient times. The aforementioned places will surely help you experience the significance of this city for the Buddhists in the world.


Mahaparinirvana Temple is located in the ruins various ancient monasteries which were founded during the 5th century AD. The temple is famous for its 6.10 meters long statue of Lord Buddha. According to the inscriptions in the ruins, the remains of Lord Buddha have been deposited here.


The Ramabhar Stupa in Kushinagar is built at the site of Lord Buddha’s cremation. This is about a kilometer away from the Mahaparinirvana Temple on the Kushinagar-Deoria Road. Actually, every place to see or visit in Kushinagar is on this road with the Ramabhar Stupa being the last and the farthest one. The road is not busy at all and it is a nice walk up to the Stupa. Now the name of this Stupa is not really supposed to be Ramabhar Stupa. Ramabhar is the name of a pond next to the Stupa. Someone perhaps tried to dissociate this place from Buddhism by starting an annual Hindu festival here in the name of Goddess Bhavani. The period when this Hindu festival started is not really known but the Stupa sure got named after the pond. This place perhaps should be called Mukutbandhan-Chaitya because according to the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, Lord Buddha’s cremation rites were carried out here, at Mukutbandhan-Chaitya, by his senior disciple Mahakashyap.


The Wat Thai Temple is a unique and huge temple built in the typical Thai Buddhist architectural style. This temple was built to celebrate the victory of King Bhumibol’s great accession of the throne and the subsequent Goldent Jubilee. It is a worth seeing place as it surrounded by innumerable trees. Not only this, there is a Chinese temple, the Meditation Park and an International Buddha Trust, and the Birla temple which add more charm and grace.


Excavated in the 19th century, Kushinagar was also referred as the Kushinara and it was a part of the Malla kingdom. From excellent Stupas to temples, every monument in Kushinagar gives you a historical evidence of its association with Lord Buddha. It is believed that Lord Buddha attained his salvation or Mahaparnirvana in Kushinagar. From Thais to Chinese people from all over the world has visited this place and the Wat Thai Temple, Kushinagar is an evidence of that.


Sarnath is also known as Mrigadava, Migadāya, Rishipattana and Isipatana throughout its long history. Mrigadava means “deer-park”. Isipatana is the name used in the Pali Canon, and means the place where holy men landed. Sarnath is a city located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India. The deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sanghacame into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. Singhpur, a village approximately one km away from the site, was the birthplace of Shreyansanath, the Eleventh Tirthankara of Jainism, and a temple dedicated to him, is an important pilgrimage site.

Isipatana is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devout followers should visit, if they wanted to visit a place for that reason. It was also the site of the Buddha’s Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, which was his first teaching after attaining enlightenment, in which he taught the four noble truths and the teachings associated with it.


Chaukhandi Stupa is an important Buddhist stupa in Sarnath. It is located 13 kilometres from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Stupas have changed from burial mounds and serve as a shrine for an artefact of the Buddha.

The Chaukhandi Stupa is thought originally to have been built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period between the 4th and 6th centuries to mark the site where Lord Buddha and his first disciples met traveling from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath. Later Govardhan, the son of a Raja, modified the stupa to its present shape by building the octagonal tower to commemorate the visit of Humayun, the powerful Mughal ruler.

Today the stupa is a high earthen mound covered with a brickwork network topped by an octagonal tower. It is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.


Sarnath Museum is the oldest site museum of Archaeological Survey of India. It houses the findings and mines at the archaeological site of Sarnath, by the Archaeological Survey of India. Sarnath is located near Varanasi, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The museum has 6,832 sculptures and artefactsTo keep the antiquities found from the site, a decision was taken in 1904 by the Government to construct a site museum adjacent to the excavated site at Sarnath. It was due to initiative of Sir John Marshall, the then Director General of Archaeology in India, that this museum was created. The plans were prepared by Mr. James Ramson, the then consulting Architect to the Government of India. The building was completed in 1910 to house, display and study the antiquities in their right perspective. The building forms half of a monastery (Sangharam) in plan. The museum contains five galleries and two verandahs to display the antiquities ranging from the 3rd century BCE to 12th century AD that have been found at Sarnath.


Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Sarnath is situated amongst brick ruins of ancient Sarnath. It is well known for its magnificent murals and frescos. This Buddhist Temple is relatively new and therefore offers a sharp contrast to the ruins of Sarnath; this temple also stands out with its distinct architecture which is nowhere near the style followed by Buddhist architecture. The Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh is particularly famous for its frescos and murals.

Sarnath (also known as Mrigadava, Migadaya, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma. This is also the place where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. Sarnath is located 13 kilometers north-east of Varanasi, in Uttar Pradesh, India.

Isipatana or Sarnath was mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devout followers should visit.

History :

The Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Sarnath in India been erected by the Maha Bodhi society in the year 1931. The frescos on the walls of this monastery were done by the famous Kosetsu Nosu who happens to be Japan’s foremost painter.


Dhamek Stupa (also spelled Dhamekh and Dhamekha) is a massive stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Stupas originated as pre-Buddhist tumuli, in which penitents were buried in a seated position, called chaitya. After the parinirvana of the Buddha, his remains were cremated and the ashes divided and buried under eight mounds with two further mounds wrapping the urn and the embers. Little is known about these early stupas, particularly since it has not been possible to identify the original ten monuments. However, some later stupas, such as at Sarnath and Sanchi, seem to be embellishments of earlier mounds. The Dhamek Stupa was built in 500 CE to replace an earlier structure commissioned by the great Mauryan king Ashoka in 249 BCE, along with several other monuments, to commemorate the Buddha’s activities in this location. Stupas originated as circular mounds encircled by large stones. King Ashoka built stupas to enshrine small pieces of calcinated bone and other relics of the Buddha and his disciples. An Ashoka pillar with an edict engraved on it stands near the site. This is nothing but the great place to visit in Varanasi. Anyone who is planning to visit Varanasi, he should surely be going out there. The Dhamek Stupa is said to mark the spot (Rishipattana which can be translated as “where the Rishi arrived”) where the Buddha gave the first sermon to his five disciples after attaining enlightenment, “revealing his Eightfold Path leading to nirvana”. In several of the ancient sources the site of the first sermon is mentioned to have been at a ″Mriga-dayaa-vanam″ or a sanctuary for animals. ( In Sanskrit mriga is used in the sense of game animals, deer being the most common). The last royal endowment at the site is dated to about 12th c. CE, after which the location of the Mrigadayavanam seems to have been lost even to the devout. The stupa was enlarged on six occasions but the upper part is still unfinished. While visiting Sarnath in 640 CE, Xuanzang recorded that the colony had over 1,500 priests and the main stupa was nearly 300 feet (91 m) high.


The Tibetan Temple is one of the Buddist pilgrim destinations at Sarnath. The temple, built in the traditional Tibetan architectural style, houses the statue of Shakyamuni, the Buddha.
The Tibetan Temple is famous for its Thangksa (Tibetan Buddhist paintings) and frescoes, which are found on the walls and ceilings. Prayer wheels are yet another attraction of this temple, which release paper scrolls marked with chants when rotated clockwise.


Meerut is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ancient city with settlements dating back to the Indus Valley civilisation having been found in and around the area.

Meerut is the second largest city in the National Capital region, and as of 2011 the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 26th most populous city in India. The city is one of the largest producers of sports goods, and the largest producer of musical instruments in India. The city is also an education hub in western Uttar Pradesh. Meerut is also known as the “Sports City of India”.

Tourist’s places in meerut are


Digambar Jain Temple in Meerut dates back to thousands of years and its reconstruction was done very recently. The 7 altars with 7 splendid spires are there inside the courtyard of the temple. The altar of ‘Tikhal Wale Baba’ is the first altar, which was believed to be built by Gods of heaven. Gorgeous green colored emerald statue of principal deity Bhagwan Parshvanath is also established in this altar. Devotees believe that all desires are fulfilled and many difficulties are averted when we offer prayers devotionally to ‘Tikhal Wale Baba’. This is one of the holy places in Meerut where desires of thousands of devotees are fulfilled.

The Culture of Uttar Pradesh is an Indian Culture which has its roots in the Hindi and Urdu literature, music, fine arts, drama and cinema. Kathak is a classical dance form, involving gracefully coordinated movements of feet along with entire body, grew and develop in Uttar Pradesh. The common state-languages of Uttar Pradesh are standard Hindi. While standard Hindi (Khari boli) is the official language. Several important regional Hindi ‘dialects’ are spoken in the state and among these are: Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj, Bagheli and Bundeli, besides several local dialects that do not have a formal name. Urdu is prominent in Uttar Pradesh as Lucknow was once the centre of Indo-Persianate culture in north India. The language of Lucknow (“Lakhnavi Urdu”) is a form of high literary Urdu.

The cuisine consists of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes of different varieties. 

For those with a sweet tooth, Mathura rejoices them in its khurchan and melting pedas, Agra is renowned for its petha, Lucknow for its shahi tukde and Varanasi for its creamy winter delight malaiyo, known in Lucknow as malai makkhan or nimish.

 The `Sheermal’, invented in Lucknow by an ace bread-maker by the name of Muhammadan, is a rich bread consisting mainly of flour, milk, fat and saffron. Though traditionally cooked in an iron tandoor, it can be cooked in a mahi tawa by covering with a lid and applying heat from the top and bottom.


Though there are many reasons to visit the state of Uttar Pradesh, many people come here to witness the most sacred river of Ganga and the ancient Hindu temples lined here


  • AGRA


Amitabh Bachchan

Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film actor, producer, television host, and former politician.

Shweta Tiwari

Shweta Tiwari is an Indian film and television actress.

Lara Dutta

Lara Dutta is an Indian actress, model and beauty queen who was crowned Miss Intercontinental 1997 and Miss Universe 2000. She was the second woman from India to be crowned Miss Universe, and has been the only delegate from India to win the crown since.

Abhijeet Bhattacharya

Abhijeet Bhattacharya better known as Abhijeet, is a Bollywood playback singer.







New Delhi

New Delhi


♦New Delhi is the National Capital Territory of Delhi. 

♦Delhi is  the Second most populous city after Mumbai in India.

♦Delhi is the 3rd largest urban area in the world. 

♦ Delhi hosted the first and ninth Asian Games in 1951 and 1982 respectively and the 2010 Commonwealth Games.

♦The Official language of Delhi is Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu.



    The Lotus Temple is located in New Delhi, India. Lotus Temple is a Bahá’í House of Worship completed in 1986. It is Notable for its flower like shape. Lotus temple serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent and has become a prominent attraction in the city. The Lotus Temple has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. Like all Bahá’í Houses of Worship, the Lotus Temple is open to all, regardless of religion or any other qualification. The building is composed of 27 free-standing marble-clad “petals” arranged in clusters of three to form nine sides, with nine doors opening onto a central hall with height of slightly over 40 metres and a capacity of 2,500 people. A 2001 CNN report referred to it as the most visited building in the world. There are no talks or ritualistic activities practised, one can just sit in peace and pray to their respective gods.


    ‘Akshardham’ means the divine abode of God. It is addressed as an eternal place of devotion, purity and peace. Swaminarayan Akshardham at New Delhi is a Mandir – an abode of God, a Hindu house of worship, and a spiritual and cultural campus dedicated to devotion, learning and harmony. Timeless Hindu spiritual messages, vibrant devotional traditions and ancient architecture all are echoed in its art and architecture. The mandir is a humble tribute to Bhagwan Swaminarayan (1781- 1830), the avatars, devas and great sages of Hinduism. The traditionally-styled complex was inaugurated on 6 November 2005 with the blessings of HH Pramukh Swami Maharaj and through the devoted efforts of skilled artisans and volunteers. It has jaw-dropping architecture, a fascinating fountain show, an informative boat ride, a huge garden, a food court that offers scrumptious dishes and much more.


    NGMA was established with the objective of promoting modern art in the country. It aimed to acquire and preserve works of art from 1857 onwards. The art collection of the NGMA is vast and extensive. The 17,000 works within it testify to a rich and dazzling past even as they pay tribute to the present. Its treasures span miniature paintings to modernist interventions and au courant contemporary expressions. The idea of a national art gallery is to germinate and bear fruit was first mooted in 1949. It was nurtured carefully by Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru and Maulana Azad, sensitive bureaucrats like Humayun Kabir and an active art community. Vice-president Dr S Radhakrishanan formally inaugurated the NGMA in the presence of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and artists and art lovers of the city on March 29, 1954.


    Tughlaqabad Fort is a ruined fort in Delhi, stretching over 6 km, built by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq, the founder of Tughlaq dynasty, of the Delhi Sultanate of India in 1321, as he established the third historic city of Delhi, which was later abandoned in 1327. It lends its name to the nearby Tughlaqabad residential-commercial area as well as the Tughlaqabad Institutional Area. Tughlaq also built Qutub-Badarpur Road, which connected the new city to the Grand Trunk Road. The road is now known as Mehrauli-Badarpur Road. Also nearby is the Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary, Dr. Karni Singh Shooting Range and Okhla Industrial Area.

    Ghazi Malik was a feudatory of the Khilji rulers of Delhi, India. Once while on a walk with his Khilji master, Ghazi Malik suggested that the king build a fort on a hillock in the southern portion of Delhi. The king jokingly told Ghazi Malik for building the fort himself when he would become king.

    In 1321, Ghazi Malik drove away the Khiljis and assumed the title of Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq, starting the Tughlaq dynasty. He immediately started the construction of his fabled city, which he dreamt of as an impregnable, yet beautiful fort to keep away the Mongol marauders. However, destiny would not be as he would have liked.

    The Curse of Nizamuddin Auliya

    Ghias-ud-din is usually perceived as a liberal ruler. However, he was so passionate about his dream fort that he issued a dictate that all labourers in Delhi must work on his fort. Saint Nizamuddin Auliya, a Sufi mystic, got incensed as the work on his baoli (well) was stopped. The confrontation between the Sufi saint and the royal emperor has become a legend in India. The saint uttered a curse which was to resonate throughout history right until today: Ya rahey ujjar, ya basey gujjar which can roughly be translated to “either remain inhabited or would live gujjars”. So, after the fall of sultanate, Gujjars of the area captured the Qila and till date village Tughlakabad is situated in it.

    The Death of the Emperor

    Another of the saint’s curses was Hunuz Dilli dur ast (Delhi is still far away). The Emperor was engrossed in a campaign in Bengal at this time. He was successful and was on his way to Delhi. However, his son, Muhammad bin Tughlaq, met him at Kara in Uttar Pradesh. Allegedly at the prince’s orders, a Shamiana (Tent) fell on the Emperor, who was crushed to death (1324).


    Safdarjung’s Tomb is a sandstone and marble mausoleum in New Delhi, India. It was built in 1754 in the late Mughal Empire style for the statesman Safdarjung. The monument has an ambiance of spaciousness and an imposing presence with its domed and arched red brown and white coloured structures. Safdarjung was made prime minister of the Mughal Empire (Wazir ul-Mamlak-i-Hindustan) when Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne in 1748.



    Purana Qila (Old Fort) is one the oldest forts in Delhi. Its current form was built by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah raised the fort of Purana-Qil’a with an extensive city-area sprawling around it. It seems that the Purana-Qil’a was still incomplete at Sher Shah’s death in 1545, and was perhaps completed by his son Islam Shah , although it is not certain which parts were built by whom.

    The fort was the inner citadel of the city of Din Panah during Humayun’s rule who renovated it in 1533 and completed five years later. The founder of the Suri Dynasty, Sher Shah Suri, defeated Humayun in 1540, naming the fort Shergarh; he added several more structures in the complex during his five-year reign. Purana Qila and its environs flourished as the “sixth city of Delhi”.


    The National Zoological Park (originally Delhi Zoo) is a 176-acre (71 ha) zoo near the Old Fort in Delhi, India. A 16th-century citadel, a sprawling green island and a diverse collection of animals and birds, all in the middle of a increasing urban Delhi. The zoo is home to about 1350 animals representing almost 130 species of animals and birds from around the world. Currently, the director of the zoo is Shri Amitabh Agnihotri, IFS. The zoo can be seen on foot or using a battery-operated vehicle which can be rented at the zoo. Visitors are not permitted to bring any food other than drinking water, but there is a canteen in the zoo.


    Agrasen ki Baoli (also known Ugrasen ki Baoli), designated a protected monument by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act of 1958, is a 60-meter long and 15-meter wide historical step wellon Hailey Road near Connaught Place, Jantar Mantar in New Delhi, India. Although there are no known historical records to prove who built Agrasen ki Baoli, it is believed that it was originally built by the legendary king Agrasen, and rebuilt in the 14th century by the Agrawal community which traces its origin to Maharaja Agrasen.


    The Garden of Five Senses is a park spread over 20 acres, in Saidul Ajaib village, opposite Saket, near the Mehrauli heritage area in Delhi, India. It was Designed by Delhi architect, Pradeep Sachdeva. The park was developed by Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation, Delhi at a cost of Rs 10.5 crore (105,000,000 rupees), over a period of three years and opened in February 2003. Partly built over a rocky terrain, the garden has various theme areas, including a section on the lines of Mughal Gardens, plus pools of water lilies, bamboo courts, herb gardens and solar energy park.

    The garden is designed to stimulate our five senses with its beauty and attractions and give us a chance to touch, smell, hear and see our natural surroundings. The garden serves as one of the prominent cultural venues of the capital, as programmes are organized here round the year. The Garden tourism festival (February), food festivals, different melas, Dandiya festivals and other cultural programmes are held here at different times.



    Hauz Khas Complex in Hauz Khas, South Delhi houses a water tank, an Islamicseminary, a mosque, a tomb and pavilions built around an urbanized village with medieval history traced to the 13th century of Delhi Sultanate reign. It was part of Siri, the second medieval city of India of the Delhi Sultanate of Allauddin Khilji Dynasty (1296–1316). The etymology of the name Hauz Khas in Farsi is derived from the words ‘Hauz’: “water tank” (or lake) and ‘Khas’:“royal”- the “Royal tank”. The large water tank or reservoir was first built by Khilji {the plaque displayed (pictured in the gallery) at the site records this fact} to supply water to the inhabitants of Siri. The tank was de–silted during the reign of Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1351–88). Several buildings (Mosque and madrasa) and tombs were built overlooking the water tank or lake. Firuz Shah’s tomb pivots the L–shaped building complex which overlooks the tank.


    Deer Park is located in South Delhi also known as A.N. Jha Deer Park, named after famous Social worker Aditya Nath Jha. This place is popular for walking, jogging and weekend outings. The Deer Park comprises many subsection such as Duck Park, Picnic Spots Rabbit Enclosures etc. The Park has historical tombs of Mughal Era. The park is accessible from Safdarjung Enclave andGreen Park,[1] Hauz Khas Village. It is also connected to District Park thus making is approachable from R K Puram near the courts side of the Delhi Lawn Tennis Association.


    Sri Sri Radha Parthasarathi Mandir is generally known as the ISKCON Delhi temple. It is a well-known Vaishnav temple of Lord Krishna and Radharani in the form of Radha Parthasarathi. Opened in 1998. It is located at Hare Krishna Hills, in the East of Kailash area of New Delhi, India. It is one of the top tourist place in Delhi to visit. It is not just a temple but also a Vedic Learning Centre in very scientific way.



    Nizamuddin Dargah is the dargah (mausoleum) of one of the world’s most famous Sufi saints, Nizamuddin Auliya (1238 – 1325 CE). It is situated in the Nizamuddin West area of Delhi. The Dargah is visited by thousands of Muslims every week, and sees a fair share of Hindus, Christians and people from other religions. The tombs of poet Amir Khusro and Mughal princess Jehan Ara Begum are also located within the Nizamuddin Dargah complex, andInayat Khan’s tomb is just around the corner.


    Considered sacred by many, the Hazrat Nizamuddin Baoli is one of the few stepwells left in Delhi that is fed by an active underground spring. It is located at the entrance of the famous Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya’s Dargah. Also nearby is renowned poet Amir Khusrao’s Dargah.

    As you walk through Nizamuddin Basti towards the Dargah and the Baoli (or stepwell), the smell of biryani, nihari and sweetmeats takes over all your senses and as soon as you pull yourself out of that, the sheer difference in culture of this little gully will amaze you. On reaching the Dargah and walking towards the baoli, one finds it to be the most crowded place in the basti. Yet, the happiest with young boys swooning into the holy water and laughing, cheering crowds look on; it is an odd kind of peace that you witness here.


    Lodhi Gardens is a city park which is situated in New Delhi, India. It is spread over 90 acres (360,000 m2). It contains, Mohammed Shah’s Tomb, Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Shisha Gumbad and Bara Gumbad, architectural works of the 15th century by Lodhis- who ruled parts of northern India and Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of modern-day Pakistan, from 1451 to 1526. The site is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

    The gardens are situated between Khan Market and Safdarjung’s Tomb on Lodhi Road and is a hotspot for morning walks for the Delhiites.


    Paharganj is a neighbourhood of Central Delhi which is located just west of the New Delhi Railway Station. It is known as Shahganj or King’s ganj or market place during Mughal era. It is one of the three administrative subdivisions, of the Central Delhi district, of the National Capital Territory of Delhi, with the other two being, Darya Ganj and Karol Bagh.

    It is known for its concentration of affordable hotels, lodges, restaurants, dhabas and a wide variety of shops catering to both domestic travellers and foreign tourists, especially backpackers and low-budget travellers, it has become particularly popular as a haunt for international cuisine.


    Sarojini Nagar is a neighbourhood in South West Delhi district of Delhi, India. It was one of the sites of the 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings. It is close to Safdarjung Airport, starting 2010, it is serviced by the INA underground station of the Delhi Metro

    Delhi offers many places for inexpensive but quality shopping. Sarojini Nagar Market might just top that list. It is one of the most popular markets especially for clothes, footwear and accessories. One might simply describe it as a teengirl’s shopping paradise.


    Lajpat Nagar is a residential and commercial neighbourhood of the South Delhi district of Delhi. It is named in honour ofLala Lajpat Rai, also known the Lion of Punjab, and is today most known for the Lajpat Nagar Central Market.

    Despite the crowds and chaos that give an impression of disorderliness, the shops themselves are organized theme-wise. You will find clothes in one cluster, kitchenware in one corner, costume jewellery in one lane, puja (prayer) paraphernalia in one pocket, and footwear in shops lined up in a row.

    There is plenty to choose from in terms of bed linen, curtains, table cloth, bath mats, shower curtains and a number of other furnishings that bring warmth to a home. Just land up here and look around to find unique gifts for loved ones, dry fruits, tailors who will alter, stitch and dye clothes, stationery for the kids and so on. Unless there is a fixed price sign prominently displayed in the shop, you should surely bargain for better prices and deals everywhere.


    Dilli Haat is an open-air food plaza and craft bazaar located in Delhi, run by Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation(DTTDC). Unlike the traditional weekly market, the village Haat, Dilli Haat is permanent. It is located in the commercial centres of South Delhi, opposite INA market. The 6 acres of land on which this complex is situated was salvaged as part of a recovery project and transformed into a plaza. Extensive foundation work, small thatched roof cottages and kiosks give the plaza a village atmosphere. Some shops are permanent but other sellers are rotated, usually for fifteen days. Products offered may include rosewood and sandalwood carvings, embellished camel hide footwear, sophisticated fabric and drapery, gems, beads, brassware, metal crafts, and silk and wool fabrics. A number of shows promoting handicrafts and handlooms are held at the exhibition hall in the complex. To sell wares, there is an application process and spaces are allocated according to which state the seller is from. In all, Dilli Haat, INA Market has 62 stalls allotted on a rotational basis to craftsmen a payment of INR 100 per day for a maximum period of 15 Days.


    The India Habitat Centre is a multipurpose building in New Delhi, India. Mixing work, commercial and social spaces, the Indian Habitat Centre is India’s most comprehensive convention centre. The India Habitat Centre was started in 1993. The public agency for Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd (HUDCO) wanted an office building for its workers and made the unprecedented decision to invite chosen non-profit organisations that shared their concern with habitat to share that work space.

    In 2009, the India Habitat Centre co-hosted the first Habitat Summit with Urban Habitats Forum, a professional civil society initiative whose primary purpose is to serve as a multi-disciplinary public awareness and educational platform, and to facilitate positive change in India’s cities by engaging all stakeholders of society in shaping India’s built environment. Held in September, the Summit served as a communication vehicle to position key policy issues and to highlight opportunities for positive change by showcasing community-oriented urban renewal projects.

    IHC started organising and hosting the Delhi Photo Festival held every two years since 2011.


    The India Gate is originally called the All India War Memorial. It is a war memorial located astride the Rajpath, on the eastern edge of the ‘ceremonial axis’ of New Delhi, India, formerly called Kingsway. India Gate is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21 in the First World War, in France, Flanders,Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and elsewhere in the Near and the Far East, and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. 13,300 servicemen’s names, including some soldiers and officers from the United Kingdom, are inscribed on the gate. The India Gate, even though a war memorial, evokes the architectural style of the triumphal arch like the Arch of Constantine, outside the Colosseum in Rome, and is often compared to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, and the Gateway of India in Mumbai. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.

    In 1971, following the Bangladesh Liberation war, a small simple structure, consisting of a black marble plinth, with reversed rifle, capped by war helmet, bounded by four eternal flames, was built beneath the soaring Memorial Archway. This structure, called Amar Jawan Jyoti, or the Flame of the Immortal Soldier, since 1971 has served as India’s Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.


    Qutb Minar (also spelled Qutub Minar).  Qutub Minar is located in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, India. The Minaret of Jam a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan is thought to have been a direct inspiration for the Qutb Minar in Delhi, which was also built by the Ghorid Dynasty. Made of red sandstone and marble, Qutb Minar is a 73-metres (240 feet) tall tapering tower with a diameter measuring 14.32 metres (47 feet) at the base and 2.75 metres (9 feet) at the peak. Inside the tower, a circular staircase with 379 steps leads to the top. Qutb Minar station is the closest station on the Delhi Metro.

    In 1200 AD, Qutb al-Din Aibak, the founder of the Delhi Sultanate started construction of the Qutb Minar. In 1220, Aibak’s successor and son-in-law Iltutmish added three storeys to the tower. In 1369, lightning struck the top storey, destroying it completely. So, Firoz Shah Tughlaq carried out restoration work replacing the damaged storey with two new storeys every year, made of red sandstone and white marble.

    Qutb Minar is surrounded by several historically significant monuments, which are historically connected with the tower and are part of the Qutb Complex. These include the Iron Pillar of Delhi, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, the Tomb of Iltutmish, Alai Minar, Ala-ud-din’s Madrasa and Tomb, and the Tomb of Imam Zamin. Other minor monuments include Major Smith’s Cupola and Sanderson’s Sundial.



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    The Red Fort was the residence of the Mu AND CHAND ghal emperor for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the centre of Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to accommodating the emperors and their households, it was the ceremonial and political centre of Mughal government and the setting for events critically impacting the region.

    Constructed in 1648 by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as the palace of his fortified capital Shahjahanabad. The Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone and is adjacent to the older Salimgarh Fort, built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions, connected by a water channel known as the Stream of Paradise (Nahr-i-Behisht). The fort complex is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan and although the palace was planned according to Islamic prototypes, each pavilion contains architectural elements typical of Mughal buildings that reflect a fusion of Timurid and Persian traditions. The Red Fort’s innovative architectural style, including its garden design, influenced later buildings and gardens in

    On Independence Day (15 August), the Prime Minister of India hoists the ‘tricolor’ national flag at the main gate of the fort and delivers a nationally-broadcast speech from its ramparts.


    Chandni Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Old Delhi, India. Chandni Chowk is located close to Old Delhi Railway Station. The Red Fort monument is located within the market. It was built in the 17th century by Mughal Emperor of India Shah Jahan and designed by his daughter Jahan Ara. The market was once divided by canals (now closed) to reflect moonlight and remains one of India’s largest wholesale markets.

    The market is an amazing place to shop for fabrics, stationary (at Nai Sadak), hardware and silver and gold jewellery, eatable things and many more.


    Humayun’s tomb is the tomb of the Mughal Emper or Humayun in Delhi, India. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun’s son Akbar in 1569-70, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect chosen by Bega Begum. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent. It is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah citadel also known as Purana Qila (Old Fort)that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale. The tomb was declared a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site in 1993, and since then has undergone extensive restoration work, which is complete. Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun, several smaller monuments dot the pathway leading up to it, from the main entrance in the West, including one that even pre-dates the main tomb itself, by twenty years; it is the tomb complex of Isa Khan Niyazi, an Afghannoble in Sher Shah Suri’s court of the Suri dynasty, who fought against the Mughals, constructed in 1547 CE.


    The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official home of the President of India, located in New Delhi, India. It may refer to only the mansion (the 340-room main building) that has the president’s official residence, halls, guest rooms and offices; it may also refer to the entire 130-hectare (320 acre) President Estate that additionally includes huge presidential gardens (Mughal Gardens), large open spaces, residences of bodyguards and staff, stables, other offices and utilities within its perimeter walls. The main palace building was formerly known as Viceroy’s House. In terms of area, it was the largest residence of a head of state in the world.


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    Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is one of the most prominent Sikh gurdwara, or Sikh house of worship, in Delhi, India. It is known for its association with the eighth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Krishan, as well as the pool inside its complex, known as the “Sarovar.” It was first built as a small shrine by Sikh General Sardar Bhagel Singh in 1783, who supervised the construction of nine Sikh shrines in Delhi in the same year, during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II.

    It is situated near Connaught Place, New Delhi on Baba Kharak Singh Marg and it is instantly recognisable by its golden dome and tall flagpole, Nishan Sahib.

    1. RAJGHAT

    Raj Ghat is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi. Originally it was the name of a historic ghat of Old Delhi (Shahjahanabad) on the banks of Yamuna river. Close to it, and east of Daryaganj was “Raj Ghat Gate” of the walled city, opening at Raj Ghat on Yamuna River. Later the memorial area was also called Raj Ghat. It is a black marble platform that marks the spot of Mahatma Gandhi’s cremation, Antyesti (Antim Sanskar) on 31 January 1948, a day after his assassination. It is left open to the sky while an eternal flame burns perpetually at one end. It is located on the banks of the river Yamuna in Delhi in India on Ring Road officially known as Mahatma Gandhi Road. A stone footpath flanked by lawns leads to the walled enclosure that houses the memorial. All guests must remove their footwear before entering the Raj Ghat walls.


    The National Rail Museum is a museum in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi which focuses on the rail heritage of India it opened on the 1 February 1977. It is located in over 10 acres (40,000 m2) of land with both indoor and outdoor exhibits. A toy train offers rides around that site on regular days. Museum remains open from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm (Last entry 4.30 pm) Tuesday to Sunday. Museum remains closed on every Monday and National Holidays. The Indoor Gallery is now fully renovated and opened to the public.


    Nehru Planetarium is the name given to 5 planetariums in India. It was named after India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. These are located in Mumbai, New Delhi, Puneand Bangalore, plus there is a Jawahar Planetarium in Allahabad. Nehru Planetarium in Pune was the first one in Asia, established in 1954.

    The Nehru Planetarium in New Delhi is situated on the grounds of Teen Murti Bhavan, officially known as ‘Nehru Memorial Museum and Library’, earlier the official residence of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and now a museum in his memory. In 1964, the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund was set up to promote his ideas and it undertook to build the Nehru Planetarium with its aim being the promotion of astronomy education. This planetarium, like its namesake in Mumbai, was also inaugurated by Smt. Indira Gandhi on 6 February 1984. One of the major attractions of this place is the Soyuz T-10 which carried India’s first cosmonaut Rakesh Sharma to space, along with his space suit and mission journal.


    The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart is a Roman Catholic cathedral belonging to the Latin Rite. It is one of the oldest church buildings in New Delhi, India. Together with St. Columba’s School, and the Convent of Jesus and Mary school. It occupies a total area of 14 acres near the south end of Bhai Vir Singh Marg Road in Connaught Place. Christian religious services are held throughout the year.

    Father Luke, a member of the Franciscan first order, founded by St. Francis of Assisi, took the initiative to build the church, and the Archbishop of Agra in 1929 Rev. Dr. E. Vanni laid the foundation stone in 1929 and construction began in 1930. Sir Anthony de Mello donated the main Altar of the Church, which is made of pure marble. The Archbishop of Agra presented a bell,vestments and altar furniture. The project was financed by the colonial officers of the British Empire.


Delhi is not only the largest commercial centre in Northern India, but also the largest center of small industries. The IT sectorhand-loomfashiontextile and electronic industry contribute a lot to Delhi’s economy.

Delhi is bounded by four states namely HaryanaRajasthanUttar Pradesh and Punjab that have a strong influence on the lifestyle of Delhi. Delhi is a cosmopolitan city where people are open to embracing new ideas and life style. People from all parts of the country live here. All major festivals of Inida are celebrated and the Unity in Diversity is evident in social and cultural gatherings. Be it HoliDiwaliIdGuru PurabBuddha Purnima or Christmas, you will find the same vigor and bliss among people from different communities.

Famous dishes of Delhi

  • Paranthas
  • Chaat
  • Butter Chicken
  • Kebabs
  • Chole Bhature
  • Biryani
  • Nihari
  • Rolls
  • Momos
  • Desserts


Delhi has a legion of places to view, enjoy and explore to learn its culture and beauty.





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