Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh and the 19th most populous in India. It is a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur; and the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, tourist circuit of UP state, along Lucknow the capital of the state and Varanasi. Agra falls within the Braj cultural region.
The city was first mentioned in the epic Mahābhārata, where it was called Agrevaṇa (derived from Sanskrit meaning “the border of the forest”) Legend ascribes the founding of the city to Raja Badal Singh, a Sikarwar Rajput king (c. 1475), whose fort, Badalgarh, stood on or near the site of the present fort. However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas’ūd Sa’d Salmān writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by the Shāhī King Jayapala, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. It was mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD when a Ghaznavide force captured it. Sultan Sikandar Lodī (1488–1517) was the first to move his capital from Delhi to Agra in 1506. He governed the country from here and Agra assumed the importance of the second capital. He died in 1517 and his son, Ibrāhīm Lodī, remained in power there for nine more years and several palaces, wells and a mosque were built by him in the fort during his period. Finally being defeated at the Battle of Panipat in 1526. Between 1540 and 1556, Afghans, beginning with Sher Shah Suri ruled the area. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1556 to 1658.
Here are some top attractions for you to visit in Agra.
The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan(reigned 1628–1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centrepiece of a complex nearly 17 hectares (42 acres) in area, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.
Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees (US$827 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
Agra Fort is the former imperial residence of the Mughal Dynasty located in Agra, India. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage site and is about 2.5 km northwest of its more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled city.
The present-day structure was built by the Mughals, though a fort had stood there since at least the 11th century. Agra Fort was originally a brick fort known as Badalgarh, held by Raja Badal Singh Hindu Sikarwar Rajput king (c. 1475). It was mentioned for the first time in 1080 AD when a Ghaznavide force captured it. Sikandar Lodi (1488–1517) was the first Sultan of Delhi who shifted to Agra and lived in the fort. He governed the country from here and Agra assumed the importance of the second capital. He died in the fort in 1517 and his son, Ibrahim Lodi, held it for nine years until he was defeated and killed at Panipat in 1526. Several palaces, wells and a mosque were built by him in the fort during his period. After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, the victorious Babur stayed in the fort, in the palace of Ibrahim Lodi. He later built a baoli(step well) in it. The emperor Humayun was crowned in the fort in 1530. Humayun was defeated at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah. The fort remained with the Suris till 1555, when Humanyun recaptured it. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recaptured Agra in 1556 and pursued its fleeing governor to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of Tughlaqabad.
Realising the importance of its central situation, Akbar made it his capital and arrived in Agra in 1558. His historian, Abu’l-Fazl, recorded that this was a brick fort known as ‘Badalgarh’ . It was in a ruined condition and Akbar had it rebuilt with red sandstone from Barauli area in Rajasthan. Architects laid the foundation and it was built with bricks in the inner core with sandstone on external surfaces. Some 4,000 builders worked on it daily for eight years, completing it in 1573.
It was only during the reign of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan that the site took on its current state. Legend has it that Shah Jahan built the beautiful Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Unlike his grandfather, Shah Jahan tended to have buildings made from white marble. He destroyed some of the earlier buildings inside the fort to make his own.
At the end of his life, Shah Jahan was deposed and restrained by his son, Aurangzeb, in the fort. It is rumoured that Shah Jahan died in Muasamman Burj, a tower with a marble balcony with a view of the Taj Mahal.
Tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is often described as a “jewel box” and sometimes called the “Baby Tāj”, the tomb of I’timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Tāj Mahal.
Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture – primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun’s Tomb in Delhi and Akbar’s tomb in Sikandra – to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the Tāj Mahal.
The mausoleum was commissioned by Nūr Jahān, the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mirzā Ghiyās Beg, originally a Persian Amir in exile, who had been given the title of I’timād-ud-Daulah (pillar of the state). Mirzā Ghiyās Beg was also the grandfather of Mumtāz Mahāl (originally named Arjūmand Bāno, daughter of Asaf Khān), the wife of the emperor Shāh Jahān, responsible for the construction of the Tāj Mahal. Nur Jehan was also responsible for the construction of the Tomb of Jehangir at Lahore.
Fatehpur Sikri is a city in the Agra District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Modern city was founded in 1569 by the Emperor Akbar, and served as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1571 to 1585. After his military victories over Chittor and Ranthambore, Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to a new location Sikri ridge, to honour the Sufi saint Salim Chishti. Here he commenced the construction of a planned walled city, which took the next fifteen years in planning, and construction of a series of royal palaces, harem, courts, a mosque, private quarters and other utility buildings. He named the city Fatehabad, with Fateh, a word of Arabic origin in Persian, meaning “victorious.” It was later called Fatehpur Sikri. It is at Fatehpur Sikri that the legends of Akbar and his famed courtiers, the nine jewels or Navaratnas, were born. Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best preserved collections of Indian Mughal architecture in India.
According to contemporary historians, Akbar took a great interest in the building of Fatehpur Sikri and probably also dictated its architectural style. Seeking to revive the splendours of Persian court ceremony made famous by his ancestor Timur, Akbar planned the complex on Persian principles. But the influences of his adopted land came through in the typically Indian embellishments. The easy availability of sandstone in the neighbouring areas of Fatehpur Sikri also meant that all the buildings here were made of the red stone. The Imperial Palace complex consists of a number of independent pavilions arranged in formal geometry on a piece of level ground, a pattern derived from Arab and central Asian tent encampments. In its entirety, the monuments at Fatehpur Sikri thus reflect the genius of Akbar in assimilating diverse regional architectural influences within a holistic style that was uniquely his own.
The Aram Bagh is the oldest Mughal Garden in India. It was originally built by the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528. It is located about five kilometres northeast of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. Babur was temporarily buried there before being interred in Kabul.
The garden is a Persian garden, where pathways and canals divide the garden to represent the Islamic ideal of paradise, an abundant garden through which rivers flow. The Aram Bagh provides an example of a variant of the charbagh in which water cascades down three terraces in a sequence of cascades. Two viewing pavilions face the Jumnariver and incorporates a subterranean ‘tahkhana’ which was used during the hot summers to provide relief for visitors.
Khas Mahal was built by Shah Jahan between 1631-40. ‘Khas Mahal’ or ‘Aramgah-i-Muqaddar’ has river on the one side and Anguri Bagh on the other. It was built for the two favorite daughters of Shah Jahan, Jahanara and Roshanara, it has a beautiful tank in front with fountains, white marble pavilions and open courts.
It is believed that Jahanara lived in the northern one of the two almost identical pavilions separated from the central hall by a high marble wall. These red sand stone pavilions have been plastered with white shell plaster and have skilful gold work in its mural paintings. The interiors are profusely ornamented in floral and geometrical patterns from the dados to the ceiling. Gold and blue, the royal colors, have been abundantly used here and still their traces are visible on the walls.
Panch Mahal is a five-story palace in Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India.
The Panch Mahal,also known as “Badgir” meaning wind catcher tower, was commissioned by sikarwar rajputs . This structure stands close to the Zenana quarters (Harem) which supports the supposition that it was used for entertainment and relaxation. This is one of the most important building in Fatehpur Sikri . This is an extraordinary structure employing the design elements of a Buddhist Temple; entirely columnar, consisting of four stories of decreasing size arranged asymmetrically upon the ground floor, which contains 84 columns. Thesecolumns, that originally had jaali (screens) between them, support the whole structure. Once these screens provided purdah (cover) to queens and princess on the top terraces enjoying the cool breezes and watching splendid views of Sikri fortifications and the town nestling at the foot of the ridge.
The pavilion gives a majestic view of the fort that lies on its left. The pool in front of the Panch Mahal is called the Anoop Talao. It would have been filled with water, save for the bridge, and would have been the setting for musical concerts and other entertainment. The ground floor has 84 columns, the first story has 56 columns and the second and third stories have 20 and 12 columns respectively. The topmost story has 4 columns supporting a chhattri. There are 176 columns in all and each is elegantly carved with no two alike.
The Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audiences, in the Red Fort of Delhi. Delhi was the place where the Mughal emperor received courtiers and state guests. It was also known as the Shah Mahal.
A gate on the north side of the preceding Diwan-i-Am audience hall led to the innermost court of the palace called Jalau Khana and the Diwan-i-Khas. Originally there were two enclosures on the west of the hall, one for the nobles and the other for those of a lower rank. These arcaded courts were destroyed after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Buland Darwaza or the “Gate of Magnificence”, was built in 1576 A.D. by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. It is the main entrance to the palace at Fatehpur Sikri, a town which is 43 km from Agra, India.
Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway in the world and is an example of Mughal architecture. It displays Akbar’s empire.
Buland Darwaza was not a part of the original design of the Jami Masjid, it was erected by Akbar to celebrate his conquest of Gujrat in 1573.
The beauty of the red sand stone charms you the moment you step within the vicinity of the Fatehpur Sikri while on a Tour to Uttar Pradesh. Elegance personified, the entirety of the complex of Fatehpur Sikri is adorned with some of the finest elements of the reign of the Mughals. Characteristic in its grandeur, which corresponds to the reality of the Mughals, the entirety of Fatehpur Sikri is a definite must include if you are planning a tour to Uttar Pradesh. Of the Monuments in Fatehpur Sikri, perhaps one of the most notable is the Palace of Jodha Bai, Fatehpur Sikri.
History of the Palace of Jodha Bai, Fatehpur Sikri
Built as a form of homage to the memory of the great Sufi saint, Sheikh Salim Chisti, who, it is said, blessed the emperor with an heir to the Mughal throne in India. He was later known as Jahangir. Fatehpur Sikri was built in 1571 and stood as the capital of the Mughal Empire till the year 1585 when it was abandoned due to what, today is guessed by historians to be a severe water shortage. Declared recently as one of the prestigious World Heritage Monuments by UNESCO. Fatehpur Sikri is today one of the most popular tourist destinations while on a trip to Uttar Pradesh.
Ayodhya is also known as Saket. It is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana. It is nearby to Faizabad city at the south end in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya used to be the capital of the ancient Kosala Kingdom.
Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites (Saptapuri) for Hindus. It is believed that the birth spot of Rama was marked by a temple, which was demolished by the orders of the Mughal emperor Babur and a mosque erected in its place. The Ayodhya dispute concerns the activism by the Hindu groups to rebuild a Rama’s temple at the site.
Given below are some important attractions of Ayodhya
‘Kanak Bhawan’ is the biggest, religiously one of the most important and architecturally an aesthetically built temple dedicated to Lord Ram and his divine consort Sita. It is located in the pilgrim holy town of Ayodhya in the state of Uttar Pradesh of India. This shrine is a wonderful sample of temple architecture and design, and is the most beautiful and attractive structure in Ayodhya. The enchantment of the divine view of the holy deities and their magnetic pull is of such intensity that the eyes of the beholder are riveted by their beauty, and he finds it difficult to move his eyes away from them. It is something to be experienced and not simply told and read, because the words have their own limitations. It becomes a sort of love at first sight when the visitor is compelled in his heart to make a promise to himself that he would come over and over again to experience and soak in this divine glory of the Lord as much as he can.
Hanumangarhi is a temple of Lord Hanuman in Ayodhya. More than 70 steps lead to the main Hanuman temple which is one of the most popular temples of Lord Hanuman in North India.
This is precisely because Ramkot is the site of the ancient citadel of Ramkot that stands on an elevated ground in the western part of the city. The place marks the site of Lord Ram’s fort that once existed. This the same place where Lord Rama was bestowed with the kingdom and kinship of ‘Koshala’. Pilgrims throughout the year frequent the place. Nevertheless, the sheer festive mood that engulfs it on the day of Ram Navami or the Birthday of Rama is spectacular. This festival is celebrated with much fanfare in the Hindu month of Chaitra.
Bahu Begum ka Maqbara is the Tomb of Queen Bride Begum Unmatuzzohra Bano alias Bahu Begum. A memorial built for queen of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula. Its one of the tallest buildings in Faizabad and is a beautiful example of non-mughal Muslim architecture. The Mausoleum of Bahu Begum created by Nawab Suja-ud-Daula in the memory of his loving wife is famous for the creative architectural brilliance with which it was designed and constructed. Shuja-ud-daula’s wife was the well known as Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which was built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of the city is obtainable from top of the begum’s tomb. Bahu Begum was a woman of great distinction and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum’s death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad gradually fell into decay. The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula.
Gulab Bari (meaning ‘Garden of Roses’) is the Tomb of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula is in Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. This place has a good collection of roses of various varieties set by the sides of water fountains. Gulab Bari is the maqbara (Mausoleum) of Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula, the third Nawab of Oudh (now Awadh) in the campus. This monument has declared to be of National Importance under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 as updated by the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010. It is also the place of worship and various cultural events.
Guptar Ghat is the sacred Ghat on the bank of River Saryu. It is believed to be the spot where Lord Rama took Jal Samadhi. It comprises a series of fine well-maintained Ghats built by Raja Darshan Singh in the first half of the 19th century. On the top of the Ghats there are the Sita-Ram Temple, the Chakrahari and the Guptahari shrines and Narasingh Temple.
The Faizabad Museum is one of the chief Tourist Attractions in Faizabad. The small town of Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh is located 125 kilometers away from the State Capital, Lucknow. Faizabad is also situated 6 kilometers to the east of the historic city of Ayodhya.
Faizabad Museum is a unique museum in itself. The very location of the Museum of Faizabad, in the historic setting gives rise to an ample amount of pleasure in the minds of the tourists.
The Faizabad Museum is situated in Guptar Park, which itself is located near the Guptar Ghat. The Guptar Park is a famous site in Faizabad. According to a popular belief, Lord Rama is said to have disappeared inside the temple which stands in the center of the park.
Vrindavan is a town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the site where according to Hinduism, Lord Krishna spent his childhood days. The town is about 11 km away from Mathura, Krishna’s birthplace on the Agra-Delhi highway (NH 2). The town hosts many temples dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna and is considered sacred by Vaishnavism. Vrindavan has an ancient past, associated with Hindu history, and is an important Hindu pilgrimage site. The essence of Vrindavan was lost over time until the 16th century, when it was rediscovered by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. In the year 1515, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu visited Vrindavana, with the purpose of locating the lost holy places associated with Lord Sri Krishna’s transcendent pastimes. Chaitanya wandered through the different sacred forests of Vrindavana in a spiritual trance of divine love. It was believed that by His divine spiritual power, He was able to locate all the important places of Krishna’s pastimes in and around Vrindavana. Mira Bai left the kingdom of Mewar and went on pilgrimages. In her last 14 years, Meera lived in a temple called Pracheen Meerabai in Vrindavan. Meera Bai is the most famous female Hindu spiritual poet, whose compositions are still popular throughout North India.
Some of the leading tourist’s destinations in vrindavan are
The Yamuna sometimes called Jamuna is the longest and the second largest tributary river of the Ganges (Ganga) in northern India. Originating from the Yamunotri Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalayas in Uttarakhand. It travels a total length of 1,376 kilometres (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 square kilometres (141,399 sq mi), 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin, before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years. It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea.
It crosses several states, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, passing by Uttarakhand and later Delhi, and meets its tributaries on the way, including Tons, its largest tributary in Uttarakhand, Chambal, its longest tributary which has its own large basin, followed by Sindh, the Betwa, and Ken. Most importantly it creates the highly fertile alluvial, Yamuna-Ganges Doabregion between itself and the Ganges in the Indo-Gangetic plain.
The Bankey Bihari temple in Vrindavan is amongst the holiest and famous temples of Krishna in World. In Braj language Bankey means “Bent at three places” and Bihari means “Supreme enjoyer”. Bankey bihari ji is worshiped and looked after as a child. There is a different and unique style of celebrating every festival in Bankey bihari temple. The deity is dressed up and offered cuisine (bhog, prasad) according to season. Temple is decorated with lights and various types of flowers according to festival. There are no bells or conch in the temple because Bankey Bihari does not like the sound of bells or conch. There is only chant of ‘radha naam’. When someone enters in the temple, he feels an eternal bliss and calm and forgets all miseries. As soon as someone meets with Thakur ji, he becomes dedicating himself to Thakur ji.
Gopala Bhatta Gosvami established this temple. The Deity of Sri Radha-Raman was manifested from one of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami’s shalagram-shilas (Damodara), on the full moon day (Purnima), 15th day of the month of Vaishaka (April-May) in 1542. It is the day after the appearance day of Lord Narasimha. Sri Radha Raman’s Appearance Place is in the Radha-Raman Temple, next to the samadhi of Gopala Bhatta. It is said that there are markings of discs on the Deity’s back and feet. The Deity of Radha-Raman is around 30cm (1 foot) tall. Gopala Bhatta Gosvami’s other shalagram-shilas are also worshiped on the altar here. Radha-Ramanji is one of the few original Deities of the Gosvamis still in Vrindavana.
Harivamsa Gosvami, a disciple of Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, founded this popular temple. He is the founder of the Radha-Ballabha Sect, and is known for his emotional poetry about Radha and Krishna. He was born around 1500 in the village of Bad, about 10 km from Mathura, on the Mathura-Agra Road, in Braja Mandala.
History of Shri Radha Vallabh Temple
This temple was constructed for Radha Ballabha around 1626 by a Bengali devotee named Sundara Das, who was the disciple of Braja Chand, Sri Hit Harivamsa’s son. The soldiers of Aurangzeb desecrated this temple in 1670. The present temple, which is adjacent to the old one, is where the Deity is now worshiped. This temple was completed in 1871-72.
- SHREE GOPESHWAR MAHADEV TEMPLE
This is the oldest temple in Vrindavan. Gopesvara Mahadeva is Lord Siva, who came to Vrindavan to become a gopi of Krishna. Here Vrinda Devi blessed him and allowed him to enter the rasa dance of Lord Krishna. Ever since, all Vaisnavas pray first for his mercy to become a servant of the servant of the gopis.Vajranabha, the great grandson of Krishna, also installed the Siva-linga in this temple. Every morning from 4 am to noon, thousands of people pour Yamuna water over the linga. It is said that the big pipal tree here is a kalpavriksa tree and will fulfill all desires..
STORY BEHIND THIS TEMPLE
On a pleasant night of Sharat Poornima, when Krishna ji was performing Maharasa on the banks of Yamuna near Vamshivat in Vrindavan, Lord Shiv along with mother Parvati reached their to participate in Rasa. Mother Parvati was readily granted entryinto Rasa Mandal but Shiv was detained at the outskirts of Vrindavan by Vrinda Devi, the presiding deity of Vrindavan. Vrinda Devi explained to Him, There is no male in Vrindavan other than Krishna,The spirit of Rasa is to please Raseshwari Shri Radha as a sakhi (friend) so as to maximize the bliss or Rasa Ras. A male devotee, however exalted he may be, can never develop this sakhibhav and is thus not worthy of entering into Rasa Mandal.Shiv was left with no option but to sit at the entry point of Vrindavan and watching the magnificent Leela of Divinity.
The deities of the temple are Krishna and Balarama, at the central altar. On the right altar are Radha Krishna with Gopi, Lalita and Vishakha. On the left altar is a Idol of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu with Nityananda, and of Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada and his spiritual teacher Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura. Of all the temples in Vrindavan Krishna-Balaram Mandir, adopted one of the highest standards of cleanliness and of deity worship.
Sri Krishna-Balaram Mandir was built in 1975 on the orders of Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the founder-acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). Even today, it is regarded as one of the most popular temples in Vrindavan.
The special feature of art of Vastu is that the temple has doors that open in all directions. Temple has magnificent carvings on the inside and outside. In Temple premises one can have darshan of Shree Krishan’s Giriraj leela.
Made with Italian marble this temple exhibits stunning combination of modern and ancient times. This magnificent temple made in Vrindavan is 125 feet high. The length of the temple is 122 feet and the width is 115 feet. The influence of south Indian culture of craftsmanship can be seen in the Temple. Water fountains and gardens on all four sides were adding to the beauty of the temple. Every modern service is available on this temple facility that extends on 54 acres of land.
Jhansi is a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It lies in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj River. Jhansi is the administrative headquarters of Jhansi district and Jhansi division Called the Gateway to Bundelkhand. Jhansi is situated between the rivers Pahuj and Betwa at an average elevation of 285 metres (935 feet). It is about 415 kilometres (258 mi) from New Delhi and 292 kilometres (181 mi) from Lucknow.
The original walled city grew around its stone fort which crowns a neighbouring rock. The ancient name of the city was Balwantnagar. From 1817 to 1854, Jhansi was the capital of the princely state of Jhansi which was ruled by Maratharajas. The state was annexed by the British Governor General in 1854; Damodar Rao’s claim to the throne was rejected but Rani Lakshmibai ruled it from June 1857 to June 1858.
Some of the tourists’ attractions in Jhansi are:
Jhansi Fort is also called Jhansi ka Kila. It is a fortress situated on a large hilltop called Bangira, in Uttar Pradesh, Northern India. It served as a stronghold of the Chandela Kings in Balwant Nagar from the 11th through the 17th century.
In 1728, Mohammed Khan Bangash attacked Chattrasal. Shrimant Bajirao Peshve helped Maharaja Chattrasal defeat the Mughal army. As a mark of gratitude, Maharaja Chattrasal offered a part of his state, which included Jhansi, to Shrimant Bajirao Peshve . In 1742 Naroshanker was made the subedar of Jhansi. During his tenure of 15 years he not only extended the strategically important Jhansi fort (the extension is called Shankergarh), but also constructed other buildings. In 1757, after Naroshanker was called back by the Peshwa. Madhav Govind Kakirde and then Babulal Kanahai were made the subedars of Jhansi. From 1766 to 1769 Vishwas Rao Laxman served as the subedar of Jhansi. Then Raghunath Rao (II) Newalkar was appointed the subedar of Jhansi. He was a very able administrator, increasing the revenue of the state and building both the MahaLakshmi Temple and the Raghunath Temple.
After the death of Shiv Rao his grandson Ramchandra Rao was made subedar of Jhansi. His poorly administered term ended with is death in 1835. His successor Raghunath Rao (III) died in 1838. The British rulers then accepted Gangadhar Rao as the Raja of Jhansi. The inefficient administration of Raghunath Rao (III) left Jhansi in a very poor financial position.
However, he was succeeded by Raja Gangadhar Rao, who was a very good administrator. He was reportedly very generous and sympathetic, and the local population of Jhansi was well satisfied. In 1842 Raja Gangadhar Rao married Manikarnika Tambe who was the given the new name of Lakshmi Bai. Lakshmi Bai ruled Jhansi after the death of her husband and used the fort as her residence. In 1858 she led Jhansi forces against those of the British East India Company.
The Rani Mahal is a royal palace in the city of Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India. The palace was built by Raghu Nath-II of the Newalkar family (1769-96). This palace later formed one of the residences for Rani Lakshmibai. Architecturally, it is a flat-roofed, two-storeyed building having a quadrangular courtyard with a small well and one fountain on opposing sides. The palace consists of six halls and parallel corridors with multi-foiled arches and a number of small rooms. The Darbar Hall, approached by a flight of steps, is beautifully decorated with paintings in bright colours exhibiting various floral, faunal and geometrical motifs. The arches are embellished with peacock and rosette patterns. The major part of it was damaged by British bombardment during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The ground floor of the palace houses stone sculptures collected from Madanpur, Barua Sagar, Dudhai and Chandpur dating from the Gupta to Medieval periods (9th to 12th centuries).
- MAHARAJA GANGADHAR RAO KI CHATRI
One of the important tourist places in Uttar Pradesh is Jhansi. Jhansi is famous for its beautiful tourist attractions. Situated in the heart of Bundelkhand, Jhansi is famous for its history and cultural heritage. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi is one of the important monuments in Jhansi. Indianholiday.com offers online information on Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi and other tourist attractions of India.
Gangadhar Rao was the Maharaja of Jhansi in the 19th century. His wife was Lakshmi Bai fought with the East India Company to protect Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh in India. During 1853, the Britishers wanted to capture Jhansi as the king had no son as the heir to the throne. Lakshmi Bai fought against the British along with the other revolutionaries of that period. Jhansi ki Rani Lakshmi Bai led the Sepoys of the 1857 and it was the first organized freedom struggle of India. Lakshmi Bai became a martyr on 17th June 1858.
It was Lakshmi Bai who built the Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi. The Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi was dedicated to Maharaja Gangadhar Rao who was the king of Jhansi and Lakshmi Bai’s husband. This is one of the ancient monuments in Jhansi Uttar Pradesh. It was built by his wife Maharani Laxmi Bai. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chatri, Jhansi is one of the interesting Tourist Attractions In Jhansi and it brings travelers from all over.
Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh in India is one of the interesting tourist places in Uttar Pradesh which attracts tourists from all over. On your Tour to Jhansi you explore these beautiful tourist attractions.
Kushinagar, Kusinagar or Kusinara is a town in the Kushinagar district of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh The Government of Uttar Pradesh has proposed Kushinagar-Sarnath Buddha Expressway to connect Buddhist pilgrimage towns. The expressway will also promote easy accessibility from other East UP towns to proposed AIIMS near Gorakhpur. It is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Buddhists believe Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana after his death. Outside India, it is an International Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre. The followers of Buddhism, especially from Asian countries, wish to visit this place at least once in their lifetime.
Top attractions of KUSHINAGAR are
The Sun temple dedicated to the Sun God. It was built during the Gupta Period and it is mentioned in the Puranas. The temple is famous for its idol of the Sun God which was carved out of a special black stone (Neelmani Stone). The statue was believed to have been found during excavations conducted between the 4th and the 5th centuries.
The ancient city of Kushinagar is the final resting place of Gautama Buddha and thus is considered to be the most important pilgrim spots for the Buddhist followers. From Hieun Tsang to Fa Hein, the city has been an important spot for the Buddhist pilgrim since the ancient times. The aforementioned places will surely help you experience the significance of this city for the Buddhists in the world.
Mahaparinirvana Temple is located in the ruins various ancient monasteries which were founded during the 5th century AD. The temple is famous for its 6.10 meters long statue of Lord Buddha. According to the inscriptions in the ruins, the remains of Lord Buddha have been deposited here.
The Ramabhar Stupa in Kushinagar is built at the site of Lord Buddha’s cremation. This is about a kilometer away from the Mahaparinirvana Temple on the Kushinagar-Deoria Road. Actually, every place to see or visit in Kushinagar is on this road with the Ramabhar Stupa being the last and the farthest one. The road is not busy at all and it is a nice walk up to the Stupa. Now the name of this Stupa is not really supposed to be Ramabhar Stupa. Ramabhar is the name of a pond next to the Stupa. Someone perhaps tried to dissociate this place from Buddhism by starting an annual Hindu festival here in the name of Goddess Bhavani. The period when this Hindu festival started is not really known but the Stupa sure got named after the pond. This place perhaps should be called Mukutbandhan-Chaitya because according to the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, Lord Buddha’s cremation rites were carried out here, at Mukutbandhan-Chaitya, by his senior disciple Mahakashyap.
The Wat Thai Temple is a unique and huge temple built in the typical Thai Buddhist architectural style. This temple was built to celebrate the victory of King Bhumibol’s great accession of the throne and the subsequent Goldent Jubilee. It is a worth seeing place as it surrounded by innumerable trees. Not only this, there is a Chinese temple, the Meditation Park and an International Buddha Trust, and the Birla temple which add more charm and grace.
HISTORY OF WAT THAI TEMPLE KUSHINAGAR:
Excavated in the 19th century, Kushinagar was also referred as the Kushinara and it was a part of the Malla kingdom. From excellent Stupas to temples, every monument in Kushinagar gives you a historical evidence of its association with Lord Buddha. It is believed that Lord Buddha attained his salvation or Mahaparnirvana in Kushinagar. From Thais to Chinese people from all over the world has visited this place and the Wat Thai Temple, Kushinagar is an evidence of that.
Sarnath is also known as Mrigadava, Migadāya, Rishipattana and Isipatana throughout its long history. Mrigadava means “deer-park”. Isipatana is the name used in the Pali Canon, and means the place where holy men landed. Sarnath is a city located 13 kilometres north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Varuna rivers in Uttar Pradesh, India. The deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sanghacame into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. Singhpur, a village approximately one km away from the site, was the birthplace of Shreyansanath, the Eleventh Tirthankara of Jainism, and a temple dedicated to him, is an important pilgrimage site.
Isipatana is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devout followers should visit, if they wanted to visit a place for that reason. It was also the site of the Buddha’s Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, which was his first teaching after attaining enlightenment, in which he taught the four noble truths and the teachings associated with it.
Chaukhandi Stupa is an important Buddhist stupa in Sarnath. It is located 13 kilometres from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Stupas have changed from burial mounds and serve as a shrine for an artefact of the Buddha.
The Chaukhandi Stupa is thought originally to have been built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period between the 4th and 6th centuries to mark the site where Lord Buddha and his first disciples met traveling from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath. Later Govardhan, the son of a Raja, modified the stupa to its present shape by building the octagonal tower to commemorate the visit of Humayun, the powerful Mughal ruler.
Today the stupa is a high earthen mound covered with a brickwork network topped by an octagonal tower. It is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.
Sarnath Museum is the oldest site museum of Archaeological Survey of India. It houses the findings and mines at the archaeological site of Sarnath, by the Archaeological Survey of India. Sarnath is located near Varanasi, in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The museum has 6,832 sculptures and artefactsTo keep the antiquities found from the site, a decision was taken in 1904 by the Government to construct a site museum adjacent to the excavated site at Sarnath. It was due to initiative of Sir John Marshall, the then Director General of Archaeology in India, that this museum was created. The plans were prepared by Mr. James Ramson, the then consulting Architect to the Government of India. The building was completed in 1910 to house, display and study the antiquities in their right perspective. The building forms half of a monastery (Sangharam) in plan. The museum contains five galleries and two verandahs to display the antiquities ranging from the 3rd century BCE to 12th century AD that have been found at Sarnath.
Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Sarnath is situated amongst brick ruins of ancient Sarnath. It is well known for its magnificent murals and frescos. This Buddhist Temple is relatively new and therefore offers a sharp contrast to the ruins of Sarnath; this temple also stands out with its distinct architecture which is nowhere near the style followed by Buddhist architecture. The Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh is particularly famous for its frescos and murals.
Sarnath (also known as Mrigadava, Migadaya, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma. This is also the place where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. Sarnath is located 13 kilometers north-east of Varanasi, in Uttar Pradesh, India.
Isipatana or Sarnath was mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devout followers should visit.
The Mulagandha Kuti Vihar Sarnath in India been erected by the Maha Bodhi society in the year 1931. The frescos on the walls of this monastery were done by the famous Kosetsu Nosu who happens to be Japan’s foremost painter.
Dhamek Stupa (also spelled Dhamekh and Dhamekha) is a massive stupa located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Stupas originated as pre-Buddhist tumuli, in which penitents were buried in a seated position, called chaitya. After the parinirvana of the Buddha, his remains were cremated and the ashes divided and buried under eight mounds with two further mounds wrapping the urn and the embers. Little is known about these early stupas, particularly since it has not been possible to identify the original ten monuments. However, some later stupas, such as at Sarnath and Sanchi, seem to be embellishments of earlier mounds. The Dhamek Stupa was built in 500 CE to replace an earlier structure commissioned by the great Mauryan king Ashoka in 249 BCE, along with several other monuments, to commemorate the Buddha’s activities in this location. Stupas originated as circular mounds encircled by large stones. King Ashoka built stupas to enshrine small pieces of calcinated bone and other relics of the Buddha and his disciples. An Ashoka pillar with an edict engraved on it stands near the site. This is nothing but the great place to visit in Varanasi. Anyone who is planning to visit Varanasi, he should surely be going out there. The Dhamek Stupa is said to mark the spot (Rishipattana which can be translated as “where the Rishi arrived”) where the Buddha gave the first sermon to his five disciples after attaining enlightenment, “revealing his Eightfold Path leading to nirvana”. In several of the ancient sources the site of the first sermon is mentioned to have been at a ″Mriga-dayaa-vanam″ or a sanctuary for animals. ( In Sanskrit mriga is used in the sense of game animals, deer being the most common). The last royal endowment at the site is dated to about 12th c. CE, after which the location of the Mrigadayavanam seems to have been lost even to the devout. The stupa was enlarged on six occasions but the upper part is still unfinished. While visiting Sarnath in 640 CE, Xuanzang recorded that the colony had over 1,500 priests and the main stupa was nearly 300 feet (91 m) high.
The Tibetan Temple is one of the Buddist pilgrim destinations at Sarnath. The temple, built in the traditional Tibetan architectural style, houses the statue of Shakyamuni, the Buddha.
The Tibetan Temple is famous for its Thangksa (Tibetan Buddhist paintings) and frescoes, which are found on the walls and ceilings. Prayer wheels are yet another attraction of this temple, which release paper scrolls marked with chants when rotated clockwise.
Meerut is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ancient city with settlements dating back to the Indus Valley civilisation having been found in and around the area.
Meerut is the second largest city in the National Capital region, and as of 2011 the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 26th most populous city in India. The city is one of the largest producers of sports goods, and the largest producer of musical instruments in India. The city is also an education hub in western Uttar Pradesh. Meerut is also known as the “Sports City of India”.
Tourist’s places in meerut are
Digambar Jain Temple in Meerut dates back to thousands of years and its reconstruction was done very recently. The 7 altars with 7 splendid spires are there inside the courtyard of the temple. The altar of ‘Tikhal Wale Baba’ is the first altar, which was believed to be built by Gods of heaven. Gorgeous green colored emerald statue of principal deity Bhagwan Parshvanath is also established in this altar. Devotees believe that all desires are fulfilled and many difficulties are averted when we offer prayers devotionally to ‘Tikhal Wale Baba’. This is one of the holy places in Meerut where desires of thousands of devotees are fulfilled.