west bengal

West Bengal

ABOUT WEST BENGAL

West Bengal is an Indian state.

♦It is located in East India on the Bay of Bengal.

♦It is India’s fourth-most populous state, with over 91 million inhabitants.

♦It has a total area of 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2). 

♦The Capital of West Bengal is Kolkata.

♦The Official Language of West Bengal is Bengali.

    1. KOLKATA

    Kolkata also is known as Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational center of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India’s oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. In 2011, the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the population of the city and its suburbs was 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India.

    Visiting Places in Kolkata

    • Howrah Bridge

     Howrah Bridge is a propped cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). On 14 June 1965, it was renamed Rabindra Setu after the great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. It is still popularly known as the Howrah Bridge. The bridge is one of four on the Hooghly River and is a famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal.

     

    • Belur Math Shrine

    It is a place of pilgrimage for people from all over the world professing different religious faiths.  Even people not interested in religion come here for the peace it exudes. It was at Belur Math that Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), the foremost disciple of Sri Ramakrishna (1836-1886), lived the last years of his brief life.  He consecrated the grounds in 1898 by worshipping the urn containing the sacred relics of Sri Ramakrishna, which he carried on his shoulders to the place of worship.  On that occasion, he uttered these prophetic words about Belur Math: “The blazing light of universal harmony that will emanate from here will flood the whole world.”  On another occasion, he said that “the power that will have its rise from here [Belur Math] will flood the whole world and turn the course of men’s lives into different channels; from this place will spring forth ideals which will be the harmony of Knowledge, Devotion, Yoga, and Work. All true seekers of spirituality will in course of time assemble here.”  True to that prophecy, Belur Math has become the hub of a worldwide spiritual movement known as the Ramakrishna Movement.

    • Botanical Gardens

     botanical garden or botanic garden is a garden dedicated to the collection, cultivation, and display of a wide range of plants labeled with their botanical names. It may contain specialist plant collections such as cacti and other succulent plants, herb gardens, plants from particular parts of the world. There may be greenhouses, shade houses, again with special collections such as tropical plants, alpine plants, or other exotic plants. Visitor services at a botanical garden might include tours, educational displays, art exhibitions, book rooms, open-air theatrical and musical performances, and other entertainment.

     

    • Victoria Hall

     The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), West Bengal, India, which was built between 1906 and 1921. It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria (1819–1901) and is now a museum and tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture. The memorial lies on the maidan (grounds) by the bank of the Hooghly River, near Jawaharlal Nehru road.

    • Mother House

     The Missionaries of Charity’s Mother House is a holy place of pilgrimage and reverence for those who are searching for a more meaningful existence. It was established by the Blessed Mother Teresa in 1950 with the purpose of selfless service to mankind and to uplift the plagued humanity towards the path of salvation. After Mother Teresa left her mortal body in 1997, she was laid to rest in a tomb inside the house where she lived and served. The site of the tomb is very simple yet it exudes an enormous amount of benign and pure vibration that fills the heart with gratitude and peace. Situated amidst noise and crowd, Mother’s tomb is a true reflection of her life which contemplated the example of soulful and mindful meditation.

    • Fort William

     Fort William is a fort built in Calcutta (presently Kolkata) on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the major distributary of the River Ganges, during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India. It was named after King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland. In front of the Fort is the Maidan, which used to be a part of the Fort and is the largest urban park in Calcutta.

    • Eco-Tourism Park

     New Town Eco Park is an urban park in Rajarhat, Kolkata. The park is situated on a 480 acres (190 ha) plot and is surrounded by a 104 acres (42 ha) waterbody with an island in the middle. The park was conceptualized by Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee in July 2011. West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO) is the overarching body coordinating the construction of the park, along with different other government bodies responsible for the implementation of different works inside the park.

    • Science City

     The Science City, one of its kind in India, inaugurated on 1st July 1997 has been developed as a major attraction for the residents of Kolkata as well as for the national and international visitors to the metropolis. Developed by the National Council of Science Museums, it is one of the largest and finest in the world, presenting science and technology in a stimulating and engaging environment that is truly educational and enjoyable for people of all ages. It has, over the years, become a place for memorable experience and enjoyment for both the young and the old.

     

    • Birla Temple

     Birla Mandir in Kolkata, India, is a Hindu temple on Asutosh Chowdhury Avenue, Ballygunge, built by the industrialist Birla family. This temple is open in the morning from 5.30 A.M. to 11 A.M. and in the evening from 4 .30 P.M. to 9 P.M. On Janmashtami, the birthday of Krishna, devotees come from far away places to pay their respect to the deities.

    • Indian Museum

     The Indian Museum is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armor and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. It was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata (Calcutta), India, in 1814. The founder’s curator was Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist. Founded in 1814 at the cradle of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (at the present building of the Asiatic Society, 1 Park Street, Kolkata), Indian Museum is the earliest and the largest multipurpose Museum not only in the Indian subcontinent but also in the Asia-Pacific region of the world.

    • Bishnupur

     Bishnupur is a town and a municipality in the Bishnupur subdivision of the Bankura District in the state of West Bengal, India. It is famous for its terracotta temples Bishnupuriya (Malla) Shree Krishna Raslilla and the balucheri sarees.  the long period of obscurity, where the land oscillated between being a minor independent principality and a vassal state. The land is also called Mallabhum after the Malla rulers of this place. The Malla rulers were Vaishnavites and built the famous terracotta temples during the 17th and 18th centuries at this place. The terracotta temples here are the best specimen of the classical style of Bishnupuriya architecture. The legends of Bipodtarini Devi are associated with Malla Kings of Bishnupur.

    2.  DARJEELING

    Darjeeling is a town and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in the Lesser Himalayas at an elevation of 6,700 ft (2,042.2 m). It is noted for its tea industry, the spectacular views of Kangchenjunga, the world’s third-highest mountain, and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Darjeeling is the headquarters of Darjeeling district which has a partially autonomous status within the state of West Bengal. It is also a popular tourist destination in India.

    • Kanchenjunga

    Kangchenjunga also spelled Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River.

    2. DARJEELING

    Darjeeling is a town and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located in the Lesser Himalayas at an elevation of 6,700 ft (2,042.2 m). It is noted for its tea industry, the spectacular views of Kangchenjunga, the world’s third-highest mountain, and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Darjeeling is the headquarters of Darjeeling district which has a partially autonomous status within the state of West Bengal. It is also a popular tourist destination in India.

    Visiting Places in Darjeeling

    • Kanchenjunga

    Kangchenjunga also spelled Kanchenjunga. It is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River.

     

    • Sandakphu

    Sandakphu or Sandakfu or Sandakpur (3636 m; 11,941 ft) is the highest peak in the district of Ilam, Nepal and West Bengal, India. It is the highest point of the Singalila Ridge in Darjeeling district. The peak is located at the edge of the Singalila National Park and has a small village on the summit with a few hostels. Four of the five highest peaks in the world, Everest, Kangchenjunga, Lhotse, and Makalu can be seen from its summit. It also affords a pristine view of the entire Kangchenjunga Range.

    • Peace Pagoda

     Peace Pagoda is a Buddhist stupa; a monument to inspire peace, designed to provide a focus for people of all races and creeds, and to help unite them in their search for world peace. Most (though not all) peace pagodas built since World War II have been built under the guidance of Nichidatsu Fujii (1885–1985), a Buddhist monk from Japan and founder of the Nipponzan-Myōhōji Buddhist Order. Fujii was greatly inspired by his meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in 1931 and decided to devote his life to promoting non-violence. Peace Pagodas were built as a symbol of peace in Japanese cities including Hiroshima and Nagasaki where the atomic bombs took the lives of over 150,000 people, almost all of whom were civilians, at the end of World War II.

    • Lava

    Lava is a small hamlet situated 34 kilometers (21 mi) east of the town of Kalimpong near Algarah in Kalimpong district of the state of West Bengal, India. Lava is situated at an altitude of 7,016 feet (2,138 m). It is one of the few places in West Bengal to receive snow in winter. It is the entry point to the Neora Valley National Park from Kalimpong. The route to Lava is scenic with the change in vegetation from tropical deciduous to the wet alpine trees of fir, pine, and birch. The verdant forests are a popular spot for picnicking, trekking and bird-watching. Lava has gradually become a favorite tourist destination.

    Wild animals such as the Himalayan black bear and barking deer are found in these parts. A Buddhist monastery is present on one of the hills of Lava. Notable sites include Changey Waterfalls and Lava Jamgyong Kongtrul Monastery.

     

    • Everest Museum

    The Himalayan Mountaineering Institute and its museum are known as the Mecca for the mountaineering enthusiasts and a favorite of tourists who want to know about the human beings’ brave attempts on the Himalayan range including the Everest. The names of the local heroes of Darjeeling Hills (the Gorkhas) are captured at the War Memorial.

    It is located at a walking distance from the Chowrasta Mall, the Bengal Natural History Museum is a place to go if you are looking to know about the animal and birdlife in Darjeeling Hills as well in the region. The museum has a huge collection of mammals, birds, insects, fishes and more. What’s most interesting is that although the specimens look like artificial models, they are not. They are of real creatures who had been captured and preserved with stuffing.

    • Darjeeling Toy Train

    Riding the Toy Train of Darjeeling Himalayan Railways (DHR) has always remained a coveted experience to the tourists. Only a few would let go of such an opportunity. And there is a clear reason why so. After all this Toy Train has been accorded the UNESCO World Heritage status, and that’s for something special.

    Operating on narrow gauge tracks since the 1880s and providing an important transport link to various parts of Darjeeling hills and lower plains, the Toy Train is still unmatched when it comes to absorbing the magnificent beauty of the mountains.

    Toy train joy rides operate from Darjeeling Railway Station. It’s a 2-hour round trip from Darjeeling up to Ghum and back covering a total distance of 14kms. There are four such round trips in a day, two in the morning half and two in the afternoon. The train stops for 10 minutes at the Batasia Loop. At Batasia the train makes a loop around a wonderful manicured garden. The view of Darjeeling town and the snow peaks of Kanchenjunga from here are unparalleled. The War Memorial built in honor of the Gorkha soldiers who sacrificed their lives is located at the center of the Garden.

    3. BANKURA

    Bankura is a part of the Medinipur division—one of the five administrative divisions of West Bengal. Bankura is surrounded by Bardhaman district in the north, Purulia district in the west and Paschim Medinipur district in the south and some part of Hooghly district in the east. Damodar River flows in the northern part of the Bankura district and separates it with the major part of the Burdwan district. The district headquarter is located in Bankura town

    • Biharinath Hill

     

    Biharinath is the tallest hill of Bankura District, in the Indian state of West Bengal., and one of the dense forest areas of the district. It is a part of the Eastern Ghats. It is 451 meters (1,480 ft) high. It is situated about 60 kilometers (37 mi) north-west of Bankura town and 14 kilometers (9 mi) north-east of Saltora town.

    • Susunia Hills

     

    Susunia is a hill of southern West Bengal, India. It is known for its holy spring, its natural beauty, its rich flora and the rock faces on which many of the famous mountaineers of this region started their journey. It is one of the rich reserves of medicinal plants. Susunia is a part of the Eastern Ghats and is situated in the north-western part of Bankura District.

    • Mukutmonipur Dam

     

    Mukutmanipur is a town in the Bankura district of West Bengal, India. It is located at the confluence of the Kangsabati and Kumari rivers close to the Jharkhand border.

     

    • Rasmancha

     The Rasmancha is a historical building located at Bishnupur, Bankura district, West Bengal, India. It was commissioned by Mallabhum king Hambir Malla Dev (Bir Hambir) in 1600 CE. During the Vaishnava Ras festival, all the Radha Krishna idols of Bishnupur town used to be brought here to be worshipped by the citizens. The annual festival was held till 1932 and then it was stopped.

    • Ganesh and Nandi Statue

    The statues of Ganesh and Nandi at Sarengarh in Bankur district is a popular tourist destination of the state.
    These statues were a part of an ancient temple, which was gradually submerged. There is only a heap of mud containing the ruins of the temple at present. The statues of Ganesh and Nandi were shifted from the ruins to the current site by the Archaeological Survey of India. The antique style of sculpture can be noted in these statues. This place is free from the pollution of the city and the smell of mud here will surely enchant the visitors.
    Bankura is a photogenic town with many sightseeing options – Shyam Rai temple, Rasmancha, Garh Darwaja, Mukutmonipur dam, Biharinath hills, Gum Garh Execution Site and Siddheshwar temple being some of them. Travelers can also buy the well-known Bankura handicraft items and baluchari saris from the local markets.
    Bankura enjoys pleasant weather during the months from October to January, which is the best time to come here. Bankura is well connected by state and private buses to major nearby towns. After reaching Bankura, one can hop into a taxi to get to the statue site.

    4. MIDNAPORE

    Midnapore district was a district of the state of West Bengal, India. This district was bifurcated on 1 January 2002 into the Purba Medinipur district and the Paschim Medinipur district.

    Midnapore had taken a pioneering role in India’s freedom struggle. a large number of freedom fighters who had bravely faced the gallows are the sons of the soil of Midnapore. To free their motherland of the yokes of bondage, They had willingly sacrificed themselves in the freedom pyre. Their heroic feats have been inscribed in the bricks and stones of temples, mosques, and churches of the land.

    Visiting Places In Midnapore

    • Chandrakona

     Chandrakona is a town and a municipality in West Midnapore in the state of West Bengal, India

    The main economy is dependent on agriculture. The main products are rice, potato, and jute. Only a large scale industry here is formed by about 20 cold storages of potato.

    Chandrakona in its heyday was supposed to have 52 bazaars and 53 roads. It was a place of trade importance and noted for its textile products, sugar, brass-ware and milk products. But all this is now nostalgic and all that remains are lofty buildings in ruins and relics literally of innumerable temples.

    It is difficult to think about what Chandrakona was like when all these temples used to tinkle with the temple bells for Arti in the evenings. There is hardly any locality or lane at Chandrakona where there are no temples. It looks as if every thriving family had a family deity enshrined in a temple. The abandoned homestead lands where the temples are now in ruins, jungles thrive and jackals howl.

    • Jhargram Palace

     The Jhargram Raj Palace is the current residence of the Malla Deb Royal family. Situated in Jhargram, Paschim Medinipur district, it is a structure combining the Italian and Islamic architecture model. About 10 rooms plus three dormitories on the ground floor have been converted into a Heritage Hotel run by the family.

    History

    Jhargram Raj was founded around 1592 AD by Sarveshwar Singh who along with his elder brother were Generals under Man Singh of Amer and came to conquer Bengal when Emperor Akbar granted Subehdari of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa to Raja Man Singh. Sarveshwar Singh belonged to the Chauhan clan of Rajputs from Fatehpur Sikri. He defeated and vanquished the local Mal tribal kings who were ruling the region known as Junglekhand, even today to commemorate this victory, every year an idol of Mal Raja is made and slain on Vijayadashami day. As a reward, Raja Man Singh, granted mansabdari of the entire region of Junglekhand to his victorious generals Sarveshwar Singh Chauhan and his elder brother, under suzerainty and subordination as a tributary vassal state to the Mughal Emperor Akbar. He named his capital Jhargram which means a village surrounded by deep forests, hence the rulers of Jhargram assumed the title “Malla Deb”

    • Shankarpur Beach

     Shankarpu’r is a beach town located 14 km east of Digha in West Bengal, India. It is also a regular fishing harbor. The mornings are cool when fishermen can be seen hauling their huge nets out of the sea. The morning sun reflecting on the sea waves in the east, and the local fishing boats on the coast offer excellent photographic opportunities. Shankarpur contains many temples.

    • Bargabhima Temple

     Bargabhima Temple is a Hindu temple in Tamluk near Kolkata in Purba Medinipur district of West Bengal. It is around 87.2 km from Kolkata, 85 km from Kharagpur. It is well connected by NH-6 and south eastern railway tracks. This temple is a major historical spot in the Purba Medinipur district. It is an old Hindu Kali temple, 1150 years old and built by the maharaja of the Mayor dynasty. This temple is considered as 51 shakti peeth of mother Durga where the left ankle of Sati fell. The temple has been declared by Heritage Site by West Bengal Govt. The current temple is not very old it was rebuilt after the Islamic occupation of Bengal in the Middle Ages. In old Bengali literature, the temple was mentioned several times. The temple is a mixture of three cultural combinations Hindu, Buddhist and Oriya. The local people make a huge festival on Durga Puja and Bengali new year in this temple.

    • Kurambera Fort

     The Kurumbera Fort is situated in Gaganeshwar village, southeast of Keshiari, at about four kilometers from that town. The fort has small quarters and temples, is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India.

    Built-in A.D. 1438-1469 (written in Odia inscription) during the rule of Surya Vamsi king of Odisha Gajapati Kapilendra Dev, it also has structures built during the Aurangazeb’s period by Mohammed Tahir(stone inscription). Despite being a protected monument, under the ASI, there is no data available about this fort. The Afgan Sultanate of Bengal & Bihar invaded Odisha which included the undivided Midnapore district of West Bengal in the year 1568. Later Mughals occupied Odisha after defeating Afghans of Bengal in the battle of Tukaroi in the year 1575. They divided Odisha Subah into five Sarkars & this part was included in the Jalesar Sarkar. Though religious invasions by Mughal generals on Odisha happened from time to time, it was worse during the period Aurangzeb. He plundered many temples of Odisha including Midnapore & issued Fatwa to demolish Jagannath temple. The Kurumbera fort & temple complex was attacked & converted to a mosque during the period of Aurangzeb. In the year 1752, the Midnapore area was separated from Odisha proper and merged Muslim Bengal.

    5. SILIGURI

    Siliguri is a city that spans across the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. The city is located on the banks of the Mahananda River and the foothills of the Himalayas.

    Siliguri, the gateway of North East India, got municipal status in 1949 and grew into Municipal Corporation in 1994. It is one of the most rapidly developing and growing metropolis of the state and also of the country. It is situated in both Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri district.

    Siliguri is also known for its ‘4T’: Tea, Timber, Tourism, and Transport.

    • Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary

     Jaldapara National Park (formerly Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary) is a national park situated at the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in Alipurduar District of northern West Bengal and on the banks of the Torsa River. Jaldapara is situated at an altitude of 61 m and is spread across 216.51 km2 (83.59 sq mi) of vast grassland with patches of riverine forests. It was declared a sanctuary in 1941 for the protection of its great variety flora and fauna. Today, it has the largest population of the Indian one-horned rhinoceros in the state, an animal threatened with extinction and is a Habitat management area (Category IV). The nearby Chilapata Forests is an elephant corridor between Jaldapara and the Buxa Tiger Reserve Near by is the Gorumara National Park, known for its population of Indian rhinoceros.

    • Chilapata Forest

     The Chilapata Forest is a dense forest near Jaldapara National Park in Dooars, Alipurduar district, West Bengal, India. It is about 20 km from Alipurduar, and just a few minutes away from Hasimara town. Until recently, the area was known for dacoity (banditry), but it is now safe for tourists.

    • Surya Sen Park

     The Surya Sen Park is a park in Mahakal Pally, Siliguri, West Bengal, India.

    It contains a bust of freedom fighter Surya Sen, children’s park and an exhibition on alternative energy in West Bengal (maintained by WBREDA). Well-known Bengali songs can be heard from everywhere and in the evening’s fountains are working and the whole park is lit.

    • Fulbari Barrage

    Fulbari Barrage is an artificial water body located about 15 km from Siliguri. Mahananda river forms a huge marshy land here. This marshy land attracts various migratory birds including rudy shells, mallards, and open bull stork. The best season to visit Fulbari barrage is from December to February.

    6. MURSHIDABAD

    Murshidabad is a city in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal state in India. The city of Murshidabad is located on the eastern bank of the Bhagirathi, a distributary of the Ganges River.

    • Hazarduari Palace Museum

     Hazarduari Palace earlier known as the Bara Kothi is located on the campus of Kila Nizamat in Murshidabad, in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was built in the nineteenth century by architect Duncan Macleod, under the reign of Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa (1824–1838).

    Replica of Hazarduari

    The foundation stone of the palace was laid on August 9, 1829, and that very day the construction work was started. William Cavendish was the then Governor-General. Now, Hazarduari Palace is the most conspicuous building in Murshidabad.

    In 1985, the palace was handed over to the Archaeological Survey of India for better preservation.

    • Imambara

     Bara Imambara is an imambara complex in Lucknow, India, built by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh, in 1784. It is also called the Asafi Imambara.

    Bara means big, and an imambara is a shrine built by Shia Muslims for Azadari. The Bara Imambara is among the grandest buildings of Lucknow.

    • Wasef Manzil

     Wasif Manzil (also known as Wasef Manzil and New Palace) was built by Nawab Wasif Ali Mirza Khan under the direction and supervision of Mr. Vivian, an officer of the Public Works Department of the Nadia Rivers Division and Surendra Barat, a Bengali engineer. This building, rather a palace was used by the Nawab as his residence. The building is extremely close to the Hazarduari Palace. It is built on the Nizamat Fort Campus between the campus’s Dakshin Darwaza (south gate) and the Hazarduari Palace, just opposite the campus’s South Zurud Mosque and parallel to the Bhāgirathi-Hooghly River.

    • Jalangi River

     Jalangi River is a branch of the Ganges river in Murshidabad and Nadia districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. It flows into the Bhagirathi river and strengthens its lower channel, the Hooghly.

    The river below the point where the Jalanagi meets the Ganges is known as Hooghly and the course above it from the point of its separation from the main flow of the Ganges to its confluence with the Jalangi, it is called Bhagirathi.

    Ghurni, a neighborhood of Krishnanagar, a center for the production of clay dolls, often referred to as Krishnanagar clay dolls are located on the banks of the Jalangi. Mayapur, the birthplace of Sri Chaitanya, is located at the confluence of the Jalanagi and Bhagirathi.

    • Nasipur Palace

     Nashipur Rajbari (also known as Nashipur Rajbati) was the palace of the Nashipur Raj Family. The grand palace is situated in Nashipur just adjacent to the palace built by Raja Debi Singha. The current palace was built by Raja Kirti Chandra Singha Bahadur in 1865.

    • Jahankosha Canon

     Jahan Kosha Cannon (also known as the Great Gun) means the Destroyer of the World. It is placed in the Topekhana a quarter of a mile to the southeast of the Katra Mosque, in the town of Murshidabad, West Bengal, India. Topekhana was the Nawab’s Artillery Park and the entrance gate of the old capital of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, the city of Jahangir Nagar. It is protected on the east by the Gobra Nala, locally known as the Katra Jheel. Here, the Jahan Kosha Cannon is laid to rest. Earlier, it rested on a carriage with wheels and was surrounded by the roots of a Peepal tree. Gradually, this cannon had been lifted four feet from the ground The roots surrounded it so beautifully that it had no possibility of falling. It used to be astonishing to see the big and heavy cannon hanging at a height of 4 feet. Later, it was freed from the tree’s roots. The wheels have disappeared but the iron-work of the carriage and the trunnions are still visible. The cannon is made of ashtadhatu or 8 metals, namely silver, gold, lead, copper, zinc, tin, iron and mercury.

    7. HOOGHLY

    The Hooghly derived its name from the town of Hooghly on the west bank of the Hooghly River about 40 km north of Kolkata. This town was a river port in the fifteenth century.

    The district has thousands of years of rich heritage in the form of the great Bengali kingdom of Bhurshut. The first European to reach this area was the Portuguese sailor Vasco-Da-Gama. In 1536 Portuguese traders obtained a permit from Sultan Mahmud Shah to trade in this area. In those days the Hooghly River was the main route for transportation and Hooghly served as an excellent trading port.

    Visting places in Hooghly

    • Chandannagar Museum

     Owing to its French influences during the many years of French rule, this beautiful museum houses numerous French and British artifacts from the colonial rule. It also has a small but formidable collection of antiquities from the Nawab rule. The museum and institute also offer French classes regularly.

    Sacred Heart Church Chandannagar: Again made in French styles, the over 200 years old church is not just a stunning sight from outside, but is equally breathtaking in the future. The white stone church looks even more stunning at sunset.

    • Bhadreswar

    Bhadreswar is a town and a municipality in Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is a police station in the Chandannagar subdivision.  It is a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.

    • Tarakeshwar Temple

    Taraknath Mandir

     Taraknath Temple is a famous Hindu shrine located in the town of Tarakeswar in the Hooghly district of West Bengal, India. Taraknath Mandir was built in an ‘Achala’ structure of Bengal temple architecture with a ‘nat mandir’ in front. The temple features four roofs above the sanctum and extended galleries for the congregation of the devotees. Dudhpukur pond, located north of the temple, is believed to fulfill the prayers of those taking a dip in it. The temple is also claimed to be one of the Jyothirlinga shrines of Mahadev.

    The temple enshrines a Shayambhu linga of Lord Shiva. The temple is believed to be constructed in 1729 AD by Raja Bharamalla. Pilgrims visit the Taraknath Temple throughout the year, especially on Mondays. Thousands of pilgrims visit Tarakeswar on the occasions of Shravani Mela, in July–August (Srabon in Bengali calendar) and Gajan.

    • Hooghly Imambara

    Hooghly Imambara (imam—angel, bara—the building to live in) is a mosque cum imambarah administered by the Shia astna-ashari sect of Muslims, in Hooghly, West Bengal. The construction of the building was started by Muhammad Mohsin in 1841 and completed in 1861. The building is a two-storied structure, with a tall clock tower over the entrance gate. The mosque has intricate designs and texts from Quran engraved on the wall. The interior of the mosque is decorated with marbles, candles, and hanging lanterns.

  • West Bengal has a long tradition in folk literature, evidenced by the CharyapadaMangalkavyaShreekrishna KirtanaThakurmar Jhuli, and stories related to Gopal Bhar.

    The architecture of Bengal includes various types of motifs as well as it represents the different eras of the region.

    Bengal has been the harbinger of modernism in the fine arts of India. Abanindranath Tagore called the father of Modern Indian Art had started the Bengal School of Art.

    Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. Bengali women traditionally wear the sari and shalwar kameez.

    People of different religions perform their religious rituals with festivities in Bengal. Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Eid al-Fitr, and Christmas are celebrated with enthusiasm across the state.

    Durga Puja, the biggest festival of Bengal.

The Bengali food mainly comprises of freshwater fish and a vast range of rice dishes. Other Dishes are:

¶ Lucchi

¶ Alur Torkari

¶ Sandesh

¶ Tangra Macher Jhol

¶ Shukto

¶ Mutton Biryani

¶ Aloo Potol Posto

¶ Keema Muttor

¶ Malpua

WHY VISIT THIS PLACE

West Bengal is a state having landscape views of the Himalayas and beautiful natural beaches. Therefore, it is very appealing for tourists and is a place worth visiting.

LIST OF DESTINATIONS IN WEST BENGAL

  • PATNA
  • GAYA
  • VAISHALI
  • AURANGABAD
  • ROHTAS
  • NALANDA
  • BHAGALPUR

FAMOUS PERSONALITIES

Srijit Mukherji

Srijit Mukherji is an Indian film director, actor, and screenwriter who predominantly works in Bengali cinema.

Mithun Chakraborty

Mithun Chakraborty is an Indian film actor, singer, producer, writer, social worker, entrepreneur, television presenter and a former Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament.He is the recipient of two Filmfare Awards and three National Film Awards.

Sushmita Sen

Sushmita Sen is an Indian film actress, model and the winner of the Miss Universe pageant of 1994. Sen was the first Indian woman to win the crown.

Rimi Sen

Rimi Sen is an Indian actress and film producer who has appeared in Bollywood, Telugu and Bengali films. She also participated in the Indian reality show Bigg Boss in 2015.

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